When the first computer program was written by Ada Byron, a friend of Charles Babbage, the inventor of the analytic engine in the 1840s (cf. Tolle 1992), the idea of computers touching upon almost every aspects of our lives was a mere vision. Indeed, since Ada Byron’s first program, there have been many developments within computer programming, technology and society, against a backdrop of the industrial revolution and two World Wars, which have contributed to the advancement of computer technology, both hardware and software-related. Today’s computer programs are widespread and much more complex than those of the nineteenth century and, only in very rare cases, are produced by only one person. More often, development teams, perhaps involving hundreds or thousands of programmers, work together to build complex applications.
KeywordsProduct Life Cycle Enterprise Resource Planning Enterprise Resource Planning System Computer Integrate Manufacture User Organisation
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