Performance Measurement and Antecedents of Early Internationalizing Firms: A Systematic Assessment

  • Gordian Rättich
  • Kim Clark
  • Evi Hartmann


With the increasing importance of early internationalizing firms (EIFs), recent literature has shown a rapidly growing research interest in EIF performance. To enhance our understanding of what drives EIF performance, we conduct a systematic analysis of performance antecedents and performance measures in current empirical research. This method allows us to: (i) systematically analyze EIF literature to identify how performance has been examined empirically; (ii) methodically identify and synthesize the antecedents of performance in respect to EIFs’ specific resources, capabilities, and strategies; and (iii) to identify areas that are understudied. Based on the analysis, we make suggestions for future research.


International Business Market Orientation Dynamic Capability Export Performance Strategic Management Journal 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordian Rättich
  • Kim Clark
  • Evi Hartmann

There are no affiliations available

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