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Going Global Early: Liabilities of Foreignness and Early Internationalizing Firms

  • Lydia Bals
  • Heather Berry
  • Evi Hartmann
  • Gordian Rättich

Abstract

In this paper, we examine how early internationalizing firms can overcome liabilities of foreignness and appear to “skip” stages in their international expansion. After performing a systematic literature review, we examine how founder, firm and country antecedent characteristics can facilitate early international expansion by firms. We conceptualize a set of firm characteristics that reduce liabilities of foreignness, but which are not commonly considered in the international business literature. Finally, we offer propositions that differentiate early internationalizing firms from more traditional multinational firms and that explain how firms can overcome liabilities of foreignness early in their life cycle.

Keywords

Venture Capitalist International Business Foreign Market Strategic Management Journal International Entrepreneurship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Gabler Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lydia Bals
  • Heather Berry
  • Evi Hartmann
  • Gordian Rättich

There are no affiliations available

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