Visiting friends & relatives (VFR)
What exactly is ‘Visiting Friends and Relatives’ (VFR) tourism? Where does its scope start and where does it end? Can visiting friends and relatives really be regarded as a form of tourism?
KeywordsLocal Economy Marketing Activity Local Destination International Energy Agency Trip Purpose
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5.5 References & recommended reading
- Braunlich, C. & Nadkarni, N. (1995), The importance of the VFR market to the hotel industry,Journal of Tourism Studies, 6(1), 38–47Google Scholar
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- Denman, E. (1998),A response to the VFR market, UK: BTA/ETB Consultancy ReportGoogle Scholar
- ETC (2002),Visits to Friends and Relatives, London: English Tourist BoardGoogle Scholar
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- Nickerson, N. & Bendix, D. (1991), A new look at VFR (visiting friends and relatives), Proceedings of 22ndAnnual Conference of the Travel and Tourism Research Association, 373–379Google Scholar
- Seaton, A. & Tagg, S. (1995), Disaggregating friends and relatives in VFR tourism research: the northern ireland evidence 1991-1993,Journal of Tourism Studies, 6(1) , 6–18Google Scholar
- Simkins, J. (2009),The "Cheap Oil Era" is Ending Soon, Baltimore: Money MorningGoogle Scholar
- Wilkonson, P. (2008), Predictions, past and present: World and Caribbean tourism,Futures,Google Scholar
- Young, C., Corsun, D. & Baloglu, S. (2006),A Taxonomy of Hosts - Visiting friends and relatives,Annals of Tourism Research, 497–516Google Scholar