A theory is necessary “to make sense of what would otherwise be inscrutable or unmeaning empirical findings” (Kaplan, 1964, p. 302). According to Ahrens and Chapman’s (2006, p. 821) definition, a theory is a set of explanatory concepts which allows the systematic ordering of such findings. It helps in guiding, structuring, and disciplining the research process (Spicer, 1992, p. 5; Zimmerman, 2001, p. 418) and, without theory, “data analysis and classification is blind” (Hempel, 1966, p. 13).


Role Process Role Conflict Role Ambiguity Role Orientation Role Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Gabler Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franz Michael Fischer

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