The Ancient History of Sports Referees

  • Cedric Duvinage
Part of the Management, Organisation und ökonomische Analyse book series (MOÖA, volume 14)


The idea of having an objective third party supervising a sports contest is not an invention of modern times. Already the ancient Greeks instituted the occupation of so called “Hellanodicae” (hereinafter referred to as “Hellan-odics”) who were responsible for the supervision and administration of the Olympic Games.


Corporal Punishment Olympic Game Ancient History Corruption Case Opening Ceremony 
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© Gabler Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2012

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  • Cedric Duvinage

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