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Abstract

During the last decades, research and development (R&D) activities have be-come the most substantial pillar of innovation research in the attempt to explain the innovation ability and competiveness of enterprises, sectors and economies (Teece 1986; Brown/Eisenhardt 1995; Freeman 1994a, 1994b; Freeman/Soete 1997; Rosenthal 1992; Saviotti/Nooteboom 2000; Stock et al. 2002; OECD 2005; Rammer et al. 2009; Santamaría et al. 2009; Raymond/St. Pierre 2010). There is a vast amount of empirical literature that supports the importance of firm-internal, institutionalised R&D activities as the main source of many, productivity-enhancing, technological innovations to im-prove competitiveness, especially of fast growing industries such as pharma-ceuticals, automobiles, computers, communications, instruments, and machinery (Becheikh et al. 2006; Freeman 1994a; Freeman/Soete 1997). “There is ample empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that R&D expenditures are a sine-qua-non for the firm’s level of innovation activities” (Shefer/Frenkel 2005: 25).

Keywords

Innovation Activity Innovation Strategy Innovation Behaviour Innovation Intensity Innovation Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Gabler Verlag | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Som
    • 1
  1. 1.KarlsruheGermany

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