This article focuses on electronic travel identity documents in international applications that are compliant with the worldwide ICAO 9303 standard and on registered travel programs to enable a “fast lane” process for frequent travellers. This article also discusses the standardization aspects and interoperability aspects similar to technical roll-out programs and its target user groups.


Smart Card Border Control International Civil Aviation Organization Biometric Technology Frequent Traveller 
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    EUROSMART, position paper 2007, www.eurosmart.comGoogle Scholar
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    ID World magazine, July 2007, page 32–34Google Scholar
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    Keesing, Annual Report 2006Google Scholar
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    Silicon Trust, press release, 5th of July 2007, www.silicon-trust.comGoogle Scholar
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    Registered Traveller Forum, ID WORLD, Paris, France, 28th of February’ 07. see www.wisemedia.itGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlag | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Detlef Houdeau
    • 1
  1. 1.Infineon Technologies AG MunichGermany

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