Industrial robots, which are among the most important elements for industrial automation, are the biggest commercial market for robotics. Since the 1970s more than one million units are in use in fields like car manufacturing or the chemical industry. These robots are operating in highly structured environments. The tasks performed by this type of robots are monotone and restricted due to a low exibility. An economic growth of the robotics industry will only be achieved if the systems become mobile, adaptive to a dynamic environment and can be used for different tasks. The robots mentioned above belong to the class of service robots. A service robot can be defined as a system which operates semi- or fully autonomously to perform services useful to the well-being of humans and equipment, excluding manufacturing operations.
KeywordsMobile Robot Path Planning Collision Avoidance Humanoid Robot Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
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