Varicella-Zoster Virus Infections

  • A. Heidelberger
  • H. Cremer


The varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a DNA virus belonging to the herpes group. The initial infection with VZV causes varicella, also known as chickenpox. Following the healing of the varicella, the VZVremains in the body; its reactivation leads to zoster. VZV is the most infectious of all herpes viruses; at 12 years of age, more than 90% of children show serologic evidence of infection with vzv. Varicella may appear in epidemics; zoster tends to be a sporadic occurrence.


Atopic Dermatitis Herpes Zoster Fusidic Acid Purpura Fulminans Varicella Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arvin A.M.: Progress in the treatment and prevention of varicella. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 6:553–557 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gold L., Barbour St., Guerrero-Tiro L., Koopot R., Lewis K., Rudinsky M., Williams R.: Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis associated with varicella infection in children. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 15:377–379 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hofmann F, Sydow B., Michaelis M.: Zur epidemiologischen Bedeutung von Varicellen. Gesundheitswesen 56:599–601 (1994)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hurwitz S.: The exanthematous diseases of childhood, pp. 347–350. Clinical Pediatric Dermatology. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia (1993)Google Scholar
  5. Kakouru T., Theodoridou M., Mostrou G., Syriopoulou V., Papadogeorgaki H., Constantopoulos A.: Herpes zoster in children. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 39:207–210 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Klassen T. P., Belseck E. M., Wiebe N., Hartling L.: Acyclovir for treating varicella in otherwise healthy children and adolescents: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. BMC Pediatr 2:9–17 (2002)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Magliocco A.M., Demetrich D.J., Sarnat H.B., Hwang W.S.: Varicella embryopathy. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 116:181–186 (1992)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Shinefield H. R., Black S. B., Staehle B., Matthews H., Adelman T., Ensor K., Li S., Chan I., Heyse J., Waters M., Chan C. Y., Vessey S. J., Kaplan K. M., Kuter B. J., Kaiser Permanente Medical Team for Varivax: Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:555–561 (2002)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Smith C., Glaser A.: Herpes zoster in childhood: case report and review of the literature. Pediatric Dermatology 13:226–229 (1996)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Thomas S. L., Wheeler J. G., Hall A. J.: Contacts with varicella or with children and protection against herpes zoster in adults: a case-control study. Lancet 360:678–682 (2002)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Vugia D., Peterson C., Meyers H.B., Kim K.S., Arrieta A., Schlievert P., Kaplan E., Werner S.B., Mascola L.: Invasive group A streptococcal infections in children with varicella in Southern California. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 15:146–150 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Watson B., Seward J., Yang A., Witte P., Lutz J., Chan C., Orlin S., Levenson R.: Postexposure effectiveness of varicella vaccine. Pediatrics 105:84–88 (2000)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Heidelberger
  • H. Cremer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations