Acne is the most common skin disease during adolescence. Variants of acne also occur in infants and younger children. The incidence of neonatal acne (acne neonatorum) is estimated at 20%. Such patients have acne at birth or develop it in the first weeks of life. Most cases are mild and resolve spontaneously. The persistence of neonatal acne and the appearance of acne in childhood are both uncommon. Infantile acne (acne infantum) is an uncommon disease, but can be very severe (acne conglobata infantum) and may reflect an underlying endocrine disturbance, as well as be a marker for more severe acne during puberty. Almost every teenager develops at least a mild case of acne vulgaris. There are also exogenous types of acne or acneiform eruptions which can be seen in children such as acne cosmetica (also known as acne venenata) (from pomades or facial ointments), acne mechanica (from American football helmets and shoulder pads), steroid acne and chloracne.


Benzoyl Peroxide Azelaic Acid Seborrheic Dermatitis Chlorhexidine Gluconate Topical Retinoid 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

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  • K. Strom

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