Atrial stimulation during OPCAB
Off-pump surgery is proposed to avoid inflammatory response, renal and pulmonary, but above all thromboembolic episodes [1, 6–8]. Even if most cardiac surgeons acknowledge the advantages of a cardiac procedure avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass, very few have changed their surgical concept to OPCAB. The main reason for that is the hemodynamic instability occurring while tilting the heart, mostly for exposure of the back wall vessels of the left ventricle.
KeywordsLeft Ventricle Wall Stress Atrial Pace Atrial Stimulation Left Ventricular Wall Stress
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