MIDCAB — anesthesia management

  • B. Bein
  • P. H. Tonner


The MIDCAB (minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass) procedure is an off-pump cardiac surgical approach performing the revascularization of the left anterior descendent coronary artery (LAD) by a left internal mammary artery (IMA) graft on the beating heart [2]. The aim of this type of surgery is to minimize surgical trauma, to avoid the vigorous inflammatory response after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and to realize effective fast tracking.


Left Anterior Descendent Internal Mammary Artery Left Internal Mammary Artery Pulse Contour Analysis Continuous Cardiac Output 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Bein
  • P. H. Tonner

There are no affiliations available

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