Challenges in the surgical management of infective endocarditis

  • Carlos-A. Mestres
  • J. M. Miró


Infective endocarditis (IE) is an uncommon disease. A key issue in IE is that it is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality [1]. It is uncommon as its current incidence rates vary between 2.4/100 000 and 11.6/100 000 population according to sources [2]. It is a very serious disease considering that early in the 21st century there is still significant risk involving the general population and hospital-admitted patients, which has remained almost unchanged for decades [3, 4]. Furthermore, despite advancements in medical and surgical treatment, hospital-acquired cases of IE have higher morbidity and mortality [4, 5].


Kawasaki Disease Infective Endocarditis Prosthetic Valve Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Pulmonary Autograft 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos-A. Mestres
    • 1
  • J. M. Miró
  1. 1.Hospital Clinic UniversitariBarcelonaSpain

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