Mitral valve repair in rheumatic disease

  • J.S. Rankin
  • M.A. Daneshmand
  • J.G. Gaca


Rheumatic mitral valve disease was the earliest indication for cardiac surgery, and techniques have evolved progressively since the first mitral »valvotomy« by Elliot Cutler in 1923. Worldwide, rheumatic heart disease remains a major cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality with the incidence exceeding 50 per 100,000 children. After decades of declining incidence in North America and Europe, current data suggest that rheumatic disease is increasing even in developed countries. In most cardiac surgical centers, rheumatic valve dysfunction remains a significant clinical entity comprising approximately 20% of current mitral practice.


Mitral Valve Rheumatic Disease Mitral Regurgitation Mitral Stenosis Rheumatic Heart Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.S. Rankin
    • 1
  • M.A. Daneshmand
    • 2
  • J.G. Gaca
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cardiac SurgeryVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Duke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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