Spine: Ceramic Disc — what you should know

  • Matthias Grässel
Part of the Ceramics in Orthopaedics book series (CIO)


In recent years non-fusion techniques in spine surgery using total disc replacement (TDR) for motion preservation and restoring have emerged worldwide, competing with fusion technologies in getting the preferred choice of surgical treatment of degenerative spinal diseases [1,2,7,8,11].


Degenerative Disc Disease Total Disc Replacement Vertebral Endplate Abstract Book Artificial Disc 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Grässel
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Products DivisionCeramTec AGPlochingenGermany

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