• Thomas Walter
Part of the ZEW Economic Studies book series (ZEW, volume 46)


At the beginning of 2005, the German government enacted a substantial reform of the welfare system. This welfare reform was the final part of a series of four major reforms of the German labor market that came into force between 2003 and 2005 in response to a high and rising unemployment rate and the associated large expenditures on active and passive labor market policies.


Welfare Reform Migration Background Welfare Recipient Labor Market Activation German Labor Market 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Walter
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)MannheimGermany

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