Analysis of Existing Data: Determinants for the Adoption of Energy-Efficient Household Appliances in Germany

  • Bradford Mills
  • Joachim Schleich
Part of the ZEW Economic Studies book series (ZEW, volume 44)


Major household appliances account for 35 % of total European Union (EU) residential end-use electricity consumption (Bertoldi and Atanasiu, 2009). Refrigerators and freezers alone account for 15 % of residential electricity end-use, with washing machines accounting for 4 % and dishwashers, electric ovens and clothes dryers accounting for approximately 2 % of total residential end-use, apiece.


European Union Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme Energy Class Household Appliance 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradford Mills
    • 1
  • Joachim Schleich
    • 2
  1. 1.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburg VirginiaUSA
  2. 2.Fraunhofer ISIKarlsruheGermany

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