New Coordination Mechanisms
Henry Mintzberg’s classification of organizational structures, as discussed in Chap. 4, is primarily based on the five work coordination mechanisms he presented: direct supervision, mutual adjustment, and standardization of work process, of skills, and of outputs. These mechanisms could even be regarded as traditional types of coordination, since they are widely recognized among authors and managers as ways to achieve integration of the work divided within firms. Beyond these five coordination mechanisms, however, others have been explored in organizational studies for some time now, with some of them even more emphasized and defended in the face of new ways of organizing the work in firms. Thus, the purpose of this chapter is to discuss variables that were given little consideration in the literature, and even in organizational practice, as ways of coordinating work, despite the fact that they have been studied for a long time in management literature. Specifically, the types of coordination based on values and norms, on contracts, and on politics are discussed.