Comment on M.A. Shapiro: “Long-Run Protection: Determining Key Features of Growth and Sustainability in Northeast Asia”

  • Reinhold Hofer


M.A. Shapiro’s paper deals with core topics of economic thinking closely tied to the actual political debates on a “low carbon growth path”. Therefore the paper “… attempts to advance the understanding of the crucial links among growth, technological change, human capital accumulation, and openness and their impacts on greenhouse gas (GHG)-related research and development (R&D) output in East Asia …” (p. 1). The analysis of growth processes is an already longstanding economic issue. While studying conditions for sustainability is a somewhat more recent topic, it is nevertheless intensively discussed worldwide and high on the agenda of politics (e.g. UNIDO’s (1993) Agenda 21; EU Commission’s (2006) Green Paper).


Technology Transfer Technological Change Physical Capital Human Capital Accumulation Reduce Energy Intensity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Policies – Centre of Economic and Innovation Research, Joanneum ResearchViennaAustria

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