Advertisement

Urban Food Security and Health Status of the Poor in Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Wolfgang-Peter Zingel
  • Markus Keck
  • Benjamin Etzold
  • Hans-Georg Bohle
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Statistics book series (CONTRIB.STAT.)

Abstract

>Amartya Sen, in his seminal work on food entitlements and deprivation (1981), has effectively demonstrated that food security is first and foremost a question of access to food rather than of general availability. Furthermore, research has shown that not only the rural populations are vulnerable to food insecurity, but that it is a significant challenge to urban dwellers as well (Sen 1981: 32; Pryer and Crook 1988; Watts and Bohle 1993). This is particularly true after the so-called “urban turn” – more than half of the world’s population now live in urban habitats (UN 2008). The global food price hike of 2007 and 2008 again has taught national governments and the international aid community that an undisturbed supply of and access to food are the basic prerequisites for urban food security where basically all urban populations depend on food markets to access food.

Keywords

Food Security Food Insecurity Social Vulnerability Income Quintile Urban Poor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ahmed R (2001) Retrospects and Prospects of the Rice Economy of Bangladesh. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  2. BBS (2008) Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh 2007. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bohle HG (2008) Food Vulnerability and Health Vulnerability: Convergence and Common Ground in Global Change Research. In: Exner, M. et al. (Ed.): Towards Sustainable Global Health. SOURCE 11/2008. Bonn, pp. 38–41Google Scholar
  4. Bohle HG and Adhikari J (2002) The Metropolitan Food System of Kathmandu - Conceptual Considerations and Empirical Evidence. In: Die Erde 133, H. 4, pp. 401–421Google Scholar
  5. Bohle HG and Sakdapolrak P (2009) Chennai. Alltagskampf um Wasser, Nahrung und Gesundheit. In: Geographie und Schule 31, H. 181, pp. 4–10Google Scholar
  6. Bohle HG et al. (2009) Adaptive Food Governance. In: IHDP Update 3, Magazine of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, pp. 53–58Google Scholar
  7. Chambers R (1989) Editorial introduction: vulnerability, coping and policy. In: IDS bulletin 20, H. 2, S. 1–7Google Scholar
  8. Cohen M, Garrett JL (2009) The food price crisis and urban food (in)security. London / New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Community-Studies-Team (2007) Food and Nutritional Security in the Slums of Hyderabad. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  10. Dorosh PA et al (2004) Overview of the Bangladesh Foodgrain Economy. In: Dorosh, P. A. et al. (Ed.): The 1998 Floods and Beyond. Towards Comprehensive Food Security in Bangladesh. Dhaka, pp. 13–52Google Scholar
  11. Dorosh PA, Murshid KAS (2004) Trade Liberalization and National Food Security: Rice Trade between Bangladesh and India. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  12. Etzold B et al (2009) Informality as Agency. Negotiating Food Security in Dhaka. In: Die Erde 140, H. 1, pp. 3–24Google Scholar
  13. FAO (2004) The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2004. Monitoring progress towards the World Food Summit and the Millenium Development Goals. RomeGoogle Scholar
  14. FAO (2008) Rice Market Monitor. April 2008. Washington D.C. (Volume XI - Issue 1)Google Scholar
  15. FAO (2009a) Rice Market Monitor. February 2009. Washington D.C. (Volume XII - Issue No. 1)Google Scholar
  16. FAO (2009b) Rice Market Monitor. December 2009. Washington D.C. (Volume 7 - Issue No. 2)Google Scholar
  17. FAOSTAT (2010) Database on Food Production and Trade, Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), http://faostat.fao.org, accessed: 07.02.2010
  18. FPMU (2009) Bangladesh Food Situation Report. Volume 78. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  19. Gertel J (2010) Globalisierte Nahrungskrisen. Bruchzone Kairo. BielefeldGoogle Scholar
  20. Government of Bangladesh und WFP (2004) The Food Security Atlas of Bangladesh. Towards a poverty and hunger free Bangladesh. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  21. Gragnolati M et al (2006) India’s Undernourished Children. A Call for Reform and Action. Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  22. Hackenbroch K et al (2009) Spatiality of Livelihoods: Urban Public Space and the Urban Poor in Dhaka. In: Die Erde 140, H. 1, pp. 47–68Google Scholar
  23. Keck M et al (2008) Reis für die Megacity. Die Nahrungsversorgung von Dhaka zwischen globalen Risiken und lokalen Verwundbarkeiten. In: Geographische Rundschau 60, H. 11, pp. 28–37Google Scholar
  24. Khan, MMH et al (2009) Comparison of Health-Related Outcomes between Urban Slums, Urban Affluent and Rural Areas in and around Dhaka Megacity, Bangladesh. In: Die Erde 140, H. 1, pp. 69–87Google Scholar
  25. Kulke E, Staffeld R (2009) Informal Production Systems - The Role of the Informal Economy in the Plastic Recycling and Processing Industry in Dhaka. In: Die Erde 140, H. 1, pp. 25–43Google Scholar
  26. Lam, T T-F (1982) Food for the City: The Role of the Informal Sector. In: Geo Journal Supplementary Issue Vol. 4, pp. 49–59Google Scholar
  27. Lohr, K and Dittrich C (2007) Changing food purchasing and consumption habits among urban middle-class in Hyderabad. Research Reports for Analysis and Action for Sustainable Development of Hyderabad. Report 3. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  28. Maxwell D (1996) Measuring Food Security: The Frequency and Severity of ‘Coping Strategies’. In: Food Policy 21, H. 3, pp. 291–303Google Scholar
  29. Maxwell D (1999) The Political Economy of Urban Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: World Development 27, H. 11, pp. 1939–1953Google Scholar
  30. Pryer J, Crook N (1988) Cities of Hunger. Urban Malnutrition in Developing Countries. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  31. Pryer J (2003) Poverty and Vulnerability in Dhaka Slums: The Urban Livelihood Study. AldershotGoogle Scholar
  32. Ruel MT et al (1998) Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security: A Review of Food Security, Health, and Caregiving in the Cities. Washington D.C. (FCND Disccussion Paper No. 51.)Google Scholar
  33. Sakdapolrak P (2011) Orte und Räume der Health Vulnerability. Bourdieus Theorie der Praxis für die Analyse von Krankheit und Gesundheit in megaurbanen Slums von Chennai, Südindien. Dissertation. Universität Bonn (Geographisches Institut). BonnGoogle Scholar
  34. Sen A (1981) Poverty and Famines: an Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. Smith L, Haddad L (2000) Overcoming Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries. Past Achievements and Future Choices. Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  36. UN-Habitat (2006) State of the World Cities 2006/7. The Millenium Development Goals and Urban Sustainability. 30 Years of Shaping the Agenda. New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. UN (2008) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision. Highlights. New YorkGoogle Scholar
  38. USDA (2010) International Food Consumption Patterns Database, United States Department of Agriculture. Economic Research ServiceGoogle Scholar
  39. Watts M (1983) Silent Violence: Food, Famine, and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria. BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  40. Watts M, Bohle HG (1993) The space of vulnerability: the causal structure of hunger and famine. In: Progress in Human Geography 17, H. 1, pp. 43–67Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang-Peter Zingel
    • 1
  • Markus Keck
    • 1
  • Benjamin Etzold
    • 2
  • Hans-Georg Bohle
    • 2
  1. 1.South Asia InstituteUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Geography DepartmentUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations