Health Inequities in the City of Pune, India

  • Mareike Kroll
  • Carsten Butsch
  • Frauke Kraas
Part of the Contributions to Statistics book series (CONTRIB.STAT.)


Since the so-called urban turn in the year 2008, more than half of the population worldwide is living in cities. This is leading to a growing number of people whose health is being influenced by urban living conditions. Whereas a third of the urban population worldwide is currently living in small urban centres with a population of below 100,000, 16% lives in so-called emerging megacities (five to ten million inhabitants) and megacities (above ten million inhabitants); two thirds of these megacities are located in poor or newly industrializing countries (UN 2010). Megacities – especially in Asia and Africa – have grown at a very high pace over the last decades with many implications for the urban population.


Health Care Service Public Health Care Public Health Care Facility Health Inequity Private Health Care 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research project is carried out in close cooperation with the Institute of Environment and Education of Bharati Vidyapeeth University in Pune/India. We would especially like to warmly thank Prof. Dr. Erach Bharucha and his research team for their very valuable support and advice.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mareike Kroll
    • 1
  • Carsten Butsch
    • 1
  • Frauke Kraas
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyCologne UniversityCologneGermany

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