Advertisement

Migration and Health in Megacities: A Chinese Example from Guangzhou, China

  • Heiko J. Jahn
  • Li Ling
  • Lu Han
  • Yinghua Xia
  • Alexander Krämer
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Statistics book series (CONTRIB.STAT.)

Abstract

Migration has influence on health in various aspects. It affects public health in home and host countries and can cause severe health consequences for the migrants. Within this paper, general migration patterns and processes will be introduced and the various associations to health will be discussed. We describe the situation of internal migration in China and emphasise the importance of the Chinese household registration (hukou) system. Using the example of first results of a public health field study, we describe different urban life-world dimensions and their influences on health of working migrants in the megacity of Guangzhou, South China.

Keywords

Host Country Internal Migration Migrant Worker Pearl River Delta Migration Background 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the German Research Foundation (DFG) for funding this research conducted in the framework of the subproject “Satellite-based aerosol mapping over megacities: Development of methodology and application in health and climate related studies” under DFG Priority Programme 1233.

References

  1. Abate N, Chandalia M (2001) Ethnicity and type 2 diabetes: focus on Asian Indians. Journal of diabetes and its complications 15:320–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Administrative Regions and Population. The People`s Government of Guangzhou Municipality, 2007. (Accessed May 21, 2009, at http://www.gz.gov.cn/vfs/subsite/JGIN7QPB-AZE4-2MTO-EA6G-R281E8V2SFJH/category/category07.jsp?catId=5713&PageNo=5.)
  3. Amnesty International (2007) People’s Republic of China. Internal migrants: Discrimination and abuse. The human cost of an economic ‘miracle’. London: Amnesty InternationalGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhugra D (2004) Migration and mental health. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica 109:243–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brush BL, Sochalski J (2007) International nurse migration: lessons from the Philippines. Policy, politics & nursing practice 8:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carballo M (2007) The Challenge of Migration and Health. In. Vernier: International Centre for Migration and Health.Google Scholar
  7. Carballo M, Divino JJ, Zeric D (1998) Migration and health in the European Union. Tropical Medicine and International Health 3:936–944PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chai JCH, Chai BK (1997) Chinas’s floating population and its implications. International Journal of Social Economics 24:1038–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chan KW, Zhang L (1999) The Hukou System and Rural-Urban Migration in China: Processes and Changes. The China Quarterly 160:818–855PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chan KW (2008) Internal labour migration in China: Trends, geographical distribution and policies. New York, United NationsGoogle Scholar
  11. Diallo K (2004) Data on the migration of health-care workers: sources, uses, and challenges. Bull World Health Organ 82:601–607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Fan CC (2002) The Elite, the Natives, and the Outsiders: Migration and Labor Market Segmentation in Urban China. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 92:103–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fan Y (2006) Achievements and challenges of the rural migrant workers in access to healthcare service in urban China - A case study of Nanjing [Master thesis]. Lund: Lund University, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  14. Gransow B (2007) “Dörfer in Städten” - Typen chinesischer Marginalsiedlungen am Beispiel Beijing und Guangzhou. In: Bronger D, ed. Marginalsiedlungen in Megastädten Asiens. Münster, Westf.: LIT Verlag:343–378.Google Scholar
  15. Gransow B (2008) Zwischen Informalisierung und Formalisierung – Migration, Stadtentwicklung und Transformation im Perlflussdelta In: Megastädte in Asien. Japanisch-Deutsches Zentrum Berlin.Google Scholar
  16. Gushulak BD, MacPherson DW (2000) Population mobility and infectious diseases: the diminishing impact of classical infectious diseases and new approaches for the 21st century. Clin Infect Dis 31:776–780PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. He N (2007) Sociodemographic characteristics, sexual behavior, and HIV risks of rural-to-urban migrants in China. Biosci Trends 1:72–80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Hesketh T, Ye XJ, Li L, Wang HM (2008) Health status and access to health care of migrant workers in China. Public Health Rep 123:189–197PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Huang P, Zhan S (2005) Internal migration in China: linking it to development. In: Regional conference on migration and development in Asia. Lanzhou.Google Scholar
  20. Human Rights in China (2002) Institutionalized Exclusion: The tenuous legal status of internal migrants in China’s major cities Human Rights in China.Google Scholar
  21. Kraas F (2007) Megacities and global change: key priorities. Geographical Journal 173:79–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Krämer A, Prüfer-Krämer L, eds (2004) Gesundheit von Migranten - Eine internationale Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven. Weinheim: Juventa VerlagGoogle Scholar
  23. Li X, Stanton B, Fang X, Lin D (2006) Social Stigma and Mental Health among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China: A Conceptual Framework and Future Research Needs. World Health Popul 8:14–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Li Y (2007) Migration and Spatial Development. Cases from the Coastal and Interior Regions in Contemporary China: Shantou University PressGoogle Scholar
  25. Liang Q (China Daily 2009) Guangzhou to provide cheaper medical insurance for migrant workers. March 19, 2009.Google Scholar
  26. Liang Z, Chen YP (2004) Migration and Gender in China: An Origin-Destination Linked Approach. In. Chicago: University of Chicago:423–443.Google Scholar
  27. Mohan V (2004) Why are Indians more prone to diabetes? The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 52:468–474PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Number and Wages of Staff and Workers in Urban State-owned Units (2007). Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou Municipality, 2007. (Accessed May 26, 2009, at http://www.gzstats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjnj/2008nj/2008/3-13.htm.)
  29. Nguyen LT, White MJ (2007) Health Status of Temporary Migrants in Urban Areas in Vietnam. International Migration 45:101–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ping H, Pieke FN (2003) China Migration Country Study. In: Regional Conference on Migration, Development and Pro-Poor Policy Choices in Asia June 22–24; Dhaka, Bangladesh: Institute of Development Studies; 2003.Google Scholar
  31. Population of Guangzhou approaches 12 million. China Daily, 2007. (Accessed May 24, 2009, at http://www2.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-02/12/content_807703.htm.)
  32. Schenk L (2007) Migration and health - developing an explanatory and analytical model for epidemiological studies. International journal of public health 52:87–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Seeborg MC, Jin Z, Zhu Y (2000) The new rural-urban labor mobility in China: Causes and implications. Journal of Socio-Economics 29:39–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shen J (2002) A study of the temporary population in Chinese cities. Habitat International 26:363–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shen J, Huang Y (2003) The working and the living space of the “floating population” in China. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 44:51–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wen D (2006) China copes with globalization. A mixed review. San Francisco: The International Forum on Globalization (IFG) December.Google Scholar
  37. WHO (Five) Well-Being Index (1998 version). Psychiatric Research Unit, Frederiksborg General Hospital, 2003. (Accessed December, 16, 2007, at http://www.cure4you.dk/354/WHO-5_English.pdf.)
  38. Wong DFK, Chang Y, He X (2007) Rural migrant workers in urban China: living a marginalised life. International Journal of Social Welfare 16:32–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wong DFK, He X, Leung G, Lau Y, Chang Y (2008) Mental health of migrant workers in China: prevalence and correlates. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 43:483–489PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wu X, Treiman DJ (2004) The Household Registration System and Social Stratification in China: 1955–1996. Demography 41:363–384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhan S (2005) Rural labour migration in China: Challenges for policies. Paris: UNESCOGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang KH, Song S (2003) Rural–urban migration and urbanization in China: Evidence from time-series and cross-section analyses. China Economic Review 14:386–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zheng Z, Lian P (2006) Health vulnerability among temporary migrants in urban China. In: Wuyi W, Krafft T, Kraas F, eds. Global change, urbanization and Health. Beijing: China Meteorological Press:197–207Google Scholar
  44. Zimet GD, Powell SS, Farley GK, Werkman S, Berkoff KA (1990) Psychometric characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of personality assessment 55:610–617PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heiko J. Jahn
    • 1
  • Li Ling
    • 2
  • Lu Han
    • 3
  • Yinghua Xia
    • 2
  • Alexander Krämer
    • 1
  1. 1.(Europ.) MSc Public Health Department of Public Health Medicine School of Public HealthBielefeld UniversityBielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public HealthSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public HealthSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations