Migration and Tourist Flows

  • Masood Gheasi
  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Piet Rietveld


Both immigration and tourism have increased significantly in recent decades. International migration in the world has increased from 154 million per year in 1990 to 175 million in 2000 (United Nation 2002). A common perception is that most migrants are moving from poor countries to rich countries, but in reality half of the migrations take place within the developing countries. One cause of this growth is the globalization process that enhanced mobility and improved accessibility to different places (Poot et al. 2008). In comparison, the growth in tourism was even stronger with 700 million worldwide tourist trips in 2000 as compared to 25 million in 1950 (Fischer 2007). The globalization process and the related tourism together spread further the information regarding economic prospects and tend to encourage people to move to places where they can find better economic opportunities. For example: prosperous places like London and Paris attract vast numbers of tourists, while some of these tourists become subsequently temporary or permanent migrants in the host country. So, tourism encourages migration. Conversely, migrants travel back to their home countries for short visits and their friends and relatives visit them in the host country. Therefore, migration boosts tourism. Thus, migration and tourism tend to become mutually interacting geographic phenomena whose importance is rapidly growing. Migration-related tourism seems to become an important segment of global tourism.


Host Country Short Visit Migrant Stock Civil Aviation Authority Short Term Visit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank Thomas de Graaff, Jacques Poot and Ferdinand Paraguas for their invaluable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial EconomicsVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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