The Resources of Economies and the Productivity of Materials: Relevance, Measurement, Empirical Trends, Innovation, Resource Policies

  • Raimund Bleischwitz
  • Stefan Bringezu


Besides the major concern with climate change, it is increasingly evident that the natural resource base is one of the major issues of international environmental economics and policy. This paper argues that resource productivity – that is the efficiency of using natural resources to produce goods and services in the economy – will be one of the key determinants of economic success and human well-being in the upcoming years and decades. Deviating from ongoing political struggle about burden sharing and abatement costs, our paper underlines that international economic policy shall promote resource productivity not only as a source of future competitive advantage as well as a pillar for the transition to a low fossil carbon economy.


Abatement Cost Material Productivity Resource Productivity Resource Policy Material Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag HD 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (WI)WuppertalGermany

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