Advertisement

The Resources of Economies and the Productivity of Materials: Relevance, Measurement, Empirical Trends, Innovation, Resource Policies

  • Raimund Bleischwitz
  • Stefan Bringezu
Chapter

Abstract

Besides the major concern with climate change, it is increasingly evident that the natural resource base is one of the major issues of international environmental economics and policy. This paper argues that resource productivity – that is the efficiency of using natural resources to produce goods and services in the economy – will be one of the key determinants of economic success and human well-being in the upcoming years and decades. Deviating from ongoing political struggle about burden sharing and abatement costs, our paper underlines that international economic policy shall promote resource productivity not only as a source of future competitive advantage as well as a pillar for the transition to a low fossil carbon economy.

Keywords

Abatement Cost Material Productivity Resource Productivity Resource Policy Material Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acosta J et al (2007) Steigerung der Ressourcenproduktivität als Kernstrategie einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung. Projekt im Auftrag des BMBF. http://www.ressourcenproduktivitaet.de
  2. Angerer G, Erdmann L, Marscheider-Weidemann F, Scharp M, Lüllmann A, Handke V, Marwede M (2009) Rohstoffe für Zukunftstechnologien. Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  3. Bleischwitz R (ed) (2007) Corporate governance of sustainability: a co-evolutionary view on resource management. Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  4. Bleischwitz R, Welfens P, Zhang ZX (eds) (2009a) Sustainable growth and resource productivity – economic and global policy issues. Greenleaf, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  5. Bleischwitz R et al (2009b) Outline of a resource policy and its economic dimension. In: Bringezu S, Bleischwitz R (eds) Sustainable resource management. Trends, visions and policies for Europe and the world. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 216–296Google Scholar
  6. Bringezu S (2009) Visions of a sustainable resource use. In: Bringezu S, Bleischwitz R (eds) Sustainable resource management: trends, visions and policies for Europe and the world. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 155–215Google Scholar
  7. Bringezu S, Bleischwitz R (2009) Sustainable resource management: global trends, visions and policies. Greenleaf, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  8. Bringezu S, Schütz H, Steger S, Baudisch J (2004) International Comparison of resource use and its relation to economic growth. The development of total material requirement, direct material inputs and hidden flows and the structure of TMR. Ecological Economics 51(1/2):97–124Google Scholar
  9. Commission of the European Communities (2005) Thematic strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources. Brussels, Commission of the European CommunitiesGoogle Scholar
  10. Cordell D, Drangert J-O, White S (2009) The story of phosphorus: global food security and food for thought. Global Environ Change 19(2009):292–305Google Scholar
  11. De Bruyn S, Markowska A, de Jong F, Blom M (2009) Resource productivity, competitiveness and environmental policies. CE Delft, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  12. Dittrich M (2009) The physical dimension of international trade. In: Bleischwitz R, Welfens PJJ, Zhang ZX (eds) Sustainable growth and resource productivity. Economic and global policy issues. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 1962–2005Google Scholar
  13. EEA (2008) Effectiveness of environmental taxes and charges for managing sand, gravel and rock extraction in selected EU countries; EEA Report No 2/2008; CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  14. Ericsson M (2009) Will the mining industry meet the global need for metals? In: Bleischwitz R, Welfens PJ, Zhang Z (eds) Sustainable growth and resource productivity: economic and global policy issues. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 14–30Google Scholar
  15. Eurostat/IFF (2004) Economy-wide material flow accounts and indicators of resource use for the EU-15Google Scholar
  16. Giljum S, Dittrich M et al (2010) Resource use and resource efficiency in Asia. A pilot study and trends over the past 25 years, commissioned by UNIDO, SERI/WIGoogle Scholar
  17. Global Witness (2008) Faced with a gun, what can you do? Global Witness, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Gopalakrishnan C (Ed.): Classical papers revisited: Symposium on Robert M. Solow, In: Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2009Google Scholar
  19. Gylfason T (2009) Development and growth in mineral-rich countries. In: Bleischwitz R, Welfens PJ, Zhang Z (eds) Sustainable growth and resource productivity: economic and global policy issues. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 42–85Google Scholar
  20. Lutz C, Giljum S (2009) Global resource use in a business-as-usual world up to 2030: updated results form the GINFORS model. In: Bleischwitz R, Welfens PJ, Zhang Z (eds) Sustainable growth and resource productivity: economic and global policy issues. Greenleaf, Sheffield, pp 30–42Google Scholar
  21. MacLean HL, Duchin F, Hagelüken C, Halada K, Kesler SE, Moriguchi Y, Mueller D, Norgate TE, Reuter MA, van der Voet E, Hagelüken C, Meskers CEM (2010) Stocks, flows and prospects of mineral resources. In: Graedel T, van der Voet E (eds) Linkages of sustainability. Strüngmann forum report 4. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  22. Malerba F (2007) Innovation and the dynamics and evolution of industries: progress and challenges. Int J Ind Organ 25(4):675–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mathews E, Amann S, Bringezu S, Fischer-Kowalski M, Hüttler W, Kleijn R, Moriguchi Y, Ottke C, Rodenburg E, Rogich D, Schandl H, Schütz H, van der Voet E, Weisz H (2000) The weight of nations: Material outflows from industrial economies World Resources Institute Report (Washington, DC: World Resources Institute)Google Scholar
  24. McNulty JP, Khay A (2009) Lithium. Extracting the details of the lithium market. Credit Suisse, p 18. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/12415608/Lithium
  25. OECD (2008) Measuring material flows and resource productivity. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
  26. OECD (2010) Export restrictions on strategic raw materials and their impact on trade and global supply; OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 95. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
  27. Osnes M-A (2010) Energy use and competitiveness. The relationship between energy intensity and national competitiveness. Thesis submitted at the College of Europe Bruges, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  28. Petrie J (2007) New models of sustainability for the resources sector: a focus on minerals and metals. Process Saf Environ Prot 85:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rennings K, Rammer C (2009) Increasing energy and resource efficiency through innovation – an explorative analysis using innovation survey data. ZEW discussion paper No. 09-056Google Scholar
  30. Saurat M, Bringezu S (2009) Platinum group metal flows of Europe: part II: exploring the technological and institutional potential for reducing environmental impacts. J Ind Ecol 13:406–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schepelmann P, Stock M, Koska T, Schüle R, Reutter O (2009) A green new deal for Europe: towards green modernisation in the face of crisis; a report by the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, vol 1, Green new deal series. Green European Foundation, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  32. SERI/FOE/Global 2000 (2009) Ohne Mass und Ziel? Über unseren Umgang mit den natürlichen Ressourcen der Erde. SERI/FOE/Global, WienGoogle Scholar
  33. Smith A, Stirling A, Berkhout F (2005) The governance of sustainable sociotechnical transitions. Res Policy 34:1491–1510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Solow RM (1974) The economics of resources or the resources of economics. Am Econ Rev Pap Proc 64:1–14Google Scholar
  35. Steger S, Bleischwitz R (2011) Drivers for the use of materials across countries, In: J Cleaner Production 19:816–826Google Scholar
  36. Stern N (2008) The economics of climate change. Am Econ Rev 98(2):1–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Stern D, Cleveland C (2004) Energy and economic growth. Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics, Number 0410Google Scholar
  38. UNCTAD (2010) Trade and environment review. Promoting the poles of clean growth to foster the transition to a more sustainable economy. UNCTAD, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag HD 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (WI)WuppertalGermany

Personalised recommendations