Price and Income Induced Rebound Effects of Improved Energy Efficiency in Swedish Households: With Comments on Materials Efficiency

  • Jonas Nässén
  • John Holmberg


Energy efficiency is often identified as the single most important strategy for climate change mitigation. For example, the IIASA-WEC “ecologically driven” scenarios presume global reductions of energy intensities (energy/GDP) by 1.4% per year for the next 50 years, which results in more than twice as large reductions of carbon dioxide emissions as the substitution of fuels in these scenarios (Nakićenović et al. 1998). However, doubts have also been raised on to what extent energy efficiency can reduce environmental impacts since efficiency improvements may “rebound” through increasing consumption. The magnitude of such effects is crucial to whether energy efficiency can play its projected role and whether it should be a strategy for environmental policy or not.


Energy Efficiency Energy Intensity Price Elasticity Income Effect Rebound Effect 
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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag HD 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonas Nässén
    • 1
  • John Holmberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Energy and EnvironmentChalmers University of TechnologyGöteborgSweden

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