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AIDS and Aid pp 117-125 | Cite as

Regional Constraints and HIV/AIDS

  • Diana Sonntag
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

Abstract

It seems that the global AIDS concern is embedded in several regional crises. HIV/AIDS is most widely spread in regions where basic human needs such as safe drinking water, sanitation, nutrition and schooling cannot be secured. For example, in parts of Southern, Eastern and Central Africa which are seriously affected by AIDS, access to clean water is at the lowest level all over the world (WHO and UNICEF 2000, p. 11). In high-endemic countries like Chad and Ethiopia the coverage of the safe water supply constituted approximately 30% or less compared to 56% in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2006 (African Development Fund 2006, pp. 2–3), the World Bank Group (2007). The same line of reasoning holds for the geographical distribution between HIV prevalence and a lack of schooling. Access to primary education is at its lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa, the epicentre of HIV/AIDS. While 93% of the children at the age of entering school are enrolled in Latin America and the Caribbean, 69% have entered the first grade of primary schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2006 (World Bank 2008b). The same holds for the participation of children in secondary and higher education. About 70% of pupils receive a higher literacy in Latin America and the Caribbean compared to 25% in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2004 (World Bank 2008b).

Keywords

Safe Drinking Water Sanitary Facility Regional Constraint Regional Shortcoming International Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vienna University of Economics and Business Institute for Social PolicyWienAustria

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