Advertisement

Introduction

  • Eveline S. van Leeuwen
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

Abstract

Taking into account the significant changes and challenges in rural areas and the economic and organizational advantages of towns, it can be expected that towns will become increasingly important for (inter)national policy makers, especially in relation to the decentralization of rural policies. This book aims to answer the following research questions: Can small-and medium-sized towns still be considered as concentration points of economic activities for town and hinterland actors? And should they be the focus point in rural development?

In this book, the multifaceted relationships between town-hinterland and the regional economy will be explored at different spatial levels and for different actors, in particular for households, farms and firms. Furthermore, this book will show an interesting range of analyses, varying from macroeconomic analyses of the local economy in five different countries to the simulation of the total population of one Dutch town at postcode level.

Fresh flowers, cucumbers and strawberries, yesterday picked in Africa, can today be bought in many supermarkets in Europe, swiftly transported by plane. The Internet even allows us to buy these products from the comfort of our own chair, without going outside. The meaning of distance and location is changing very fast. On the other hand, more and more people are searching for authenticity and historical details: traditional costumes, food, and crafts are highly appreciated. In addition, in rural areas, many new developments are taking place. In 1897 Berthelot foresaw that, by the year 2000, the manufacturing of (artificial) food would be independent of the season, rain, drought and frost. To a certain extent he was right, as in many places agriculture has become almost like any other industry; in others this is not (yet) possible or not wanted. The shift from agriculture to industry and services, as well as the urban desire to preserve the idyllic countryside creates a certain tension for local rural actors. The question, however, is: Are they passive victims or active players?

Keywords

Tobit Model Multinomial Logit Model Rural Living Social Accounting Matrix Local Household 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I owe a lot of gratitude to Peter Nijkamp, Piet Rietveld, Teresa de Noronha Vaz and Graham Clarke for their advises and help throughout this research. Furthermore, I would like to thank the Marketowns team for allowing me to use the data collected in the EU-project.

References

  1. Beardsell, M. & Henderson, V. (1999). Spatial evolution in the computer industry in the USA. European Economic Review, 43(2), 431–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Black, D. & Henderson, V. (1999). A theory of urban growth. The Journal of Political Economy, 2(107), 252–285.Google Scholar
  3. Broersma, L. & van Dijk, J. (2008). The effect of congestion and agglomeration on multifactor productivity growth in Dutch regions. Journal of Economic Geography, 8(2), 181–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Champion, A. (1998). Studying counterurbanisation and the population turnaround. In P. Boyle & K. Halfacree (Eds.), Migration into rural areas. Theories and issues. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Communities, E. (2006). The EU rural development policy 2007–2013. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  6. DEFRA. (2000). Rural white paper: our countryside: the future – a fair deal for rural England. London: DETR. 176.Google Scholar
  7. DEFRA. (2004). Rural Strategy 2004. London: Defra Publications.Google Scholar
  8. EEAC/RLG/WUR (2007). Website ‘Cap in 27 Member States’, www.rlg.nl/CAP.
  9. Findlay, A. & Sparks, L. (2008). Weaving new retail and consumer landscapes in the Scottish borders. Journal of Rural Studies, 24, 86–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gleaser, E. L., Kallal, H., Scheinkman, J., & Sheifler, A. (1992). Growth in cities. Journal of Political Economy, 100, 1126–1152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hadyńska, A. & Hadyński, J. (2006). Conceptions of multifunctionality: The state-of-the-art in Poland. European Series on Multifunctionality, 10, 83–107.Google Scholar
  12. Havermans, O. (2007, 27th October). Gemeenteloket in veelzijdige dorpswinkel. Trouw.Google Scholar
  13. Heins, S. (2004). Rural living in city and countryside: demand and supply in the Netherlands. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 19, 391–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Isard, W., Azis, I. J., Drennan, M. P., Miller, R. E., Saltzman, S., & Thorbecke, E. (1998). Methods of interregional and regional analysis. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  15. Janssen, M. C. W. (1990). Micro and Macro in Economics An inquiry into their relation Groningen theses in economics, management & organization. Groningen: Wolters-Noordhof.Google Scholar
  16. Mayfield, L., Courtney, P., Tranter, R., & Jones, P. (2005). The role of small and medium-sized towns in rural development – Final Report. Reading, MA: Centre for Agricultural Strategy.Google Scholar
  17. Ministère des Affaires étrangères. (2006). Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development Policy in France. Ministère des Affaires étrangères, Paris: Direction Générale de la Coopération Internationale et du Développement.Google Scholar
  18. Ministry of Housing, Spatial planning and Environment. (2000). Perspectief op Wonen. Den Haag: Rapportage van het Woning Behoefte Onderzoek.VROM.Google Scholar
  19. OECD (2002). Territorial indicators of socio-economic patterns and dynamics. OECD, DT/TDPC(2002)23, Paris.Google Scholar
  20. Powe, N. A. & Shaw, T. (2004). Exploring the current and future role of marjet towns in servicing their hinterlands: a case study of Alnwick in the North East of England. Journal of Rural Studies, 20, 405–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Râmniceanua, I. & Ackrill, R. (2007). EU rural development policy in the new member states: promoting multifunctionality? Journal of Rural Studies, 23, 416–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ray, C. (2006). Neo-endogenous rural development in the EU. In: P.J. Cloke, T. Marsden and P.H. Mooney. Handbook of Rural Studies. SAGE, London.Google Scholar
  23. Rodríguez Rodríguez, M., Galdeano Gómez, E., & Céspedes Lorente, J. (2004). Rural multifunctionality in Europe: the concept and policies. Paper presented to the 90th EAAE Seminar ‘‘Multifunctional agriculture, policies and markets: understanding the critical linkages’’. Rennes, 28–29 October.Google Scholar
  24. Tacoli, C. (1998). Rural-urban interactions: a guide to the literature. Environment and Urbanization, 10(1), 147–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Terluin, I. J., van Leeuwen, M., & Pilkes, J. (2003). Economic linkages between town and hinterland: a comparative analysis of six small and medium-sized towns in the Netherlands. The Hague: Agricultural Economics Research Institute LEI.Google Scholar
  26. Thomas, C. J. & Bromley, R. D. F. (1995). Retail decline and the opportunities for commercial revitalisation of small shopping centres: a case study in South Wales. Town Planning Review, 66, 431–452.Google Scholar
  27. van der Ploeg, J. D. & van Dijk, G. (1995). Beyond modernization. The impact of endogenous rural development. Assen: Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  28. Woods, M. (2006). Rural geography: processes responses and experiences in rural restructuring. London: SAGE.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial EconomicsVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations