Entrepreneurial Learning and Virtual Learning Environment

  • P. Kyrö
  • T. Kauppi
  • M. Nurminen
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)

Both entrepreneurial and virtual learning are phenomena that have risen in the turn of the twenty-first century. The needs of the society as well as the technical innovations have sped up their development. The European Union has set entrepreneurial practices as one of the central goals in active citizenship (the European Commission 1999). Finland is committed to it throughout its education system (European Commission 2002). To reach this goal, the Ministry of Education has launched a policy programme for entrepreneurship education. The programme emphasises the importance of entrepreneurship education as a part of teachers basic and extension studies. (Opetusministeriö 2004). However, the educational research of the dynamics of entrepreneurial learning has hardly begun. Mainly, this discourse has taken place in business disciplines and in some extent in the field of technology. The American view of both entrepreneurship and education influences the dialogue (Kyrö 2005). The conceptualisation of education oriented discourse is still fragmented and searching for its forms. However, a new European multi-scientific wave is rising in the contemporary research and this study follows this tradition. It focuses on the cultural background, innovative processes and the dynamics of learning in entrepreneurship (for example Fayolle, Ulijn and Kyrö 2005). When it comes to the virtual learning Finland is among those in the forefront in its development. For example in educational sector it has a special strategy programme following mainstreaming principles and in universities we have own programme for national virtual university (Opetusministeriö 2000). Recently virtual learning researches have identified an increasing need to focus more on social, interactive and networking learning practises (Sallila and Kalli 2002). Internet-based learning environments offer one tool to meet this challenge. For example Hakkarainen (2002) regards them as the most promising new technology applications for that purpose. As an example he describes the Canada-based “Future Learning Environment (FLE)-project”. Other examples of different projects that face these questions are, for instance, Finnish “The IQ Form” and “Metodix” that focuses on scientific research (Niemi and Ruohotie 2002, All three examples represent learning platforms that are rather widely used in respect to Finnish population. The latest statistics of Metodix reports that it has 3,900 registered users and 20,000 average visits/month.


Virtual Environment Tacit Knowledge Explicit Knowledge Knowledge Creation Discussion Forum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Davidsson P, Delmar F and Wiklund J (2002) Entrepreneurship as growth: growth as entrepreneurship. In Hilt M and Ireland D (eds.) Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating a New Mindset (pp. 328-342). Oxford: BlackwellGoogle Scholar
  2. Eijnatten van FM (2005) A chaordic lens for understanding entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship. In Fayolle A, Kyrö P and Ulijn J (eds.) Entrepreneurship Research in Europe: Perspectives and Outcomes. Cheltenham: Edward ElgarGoogle Scholar
  3. Erkkilä K (2000) Entrepreneurial Education. New York: CarlandGoogle Scholar
  4. European Commission (1999) Innovation in Europe - The Green Paper. Luxemburg: Jean Monnet BuildingGoogle Scholar
  5. European Commision (2002) Final Report of the expert group “best procedure” project on education and training for entrepreneurship. November 2002Google Scholar
  6. Fayolle A, Ulijn J and Kyrö P (eds) (2005) Entrepreneurship Research in Europe: Perspectives and Outcomes. Cheltenham: Edward ElgarGoogle Scholar
  7. Garmonsway and Simpson (1975) English Dictionary. New York: PenguinGoogle Scholar
  8. Gartner WB (1990) What are we talking about when we talk about entrepreneurship? Journal of Business Venturing, 5, 15-28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gibb A (1993) The enterprise culture and education. Understanding enterprise education and its links with small business, entreprenurship and wider educational goals. International Small Business Journal 11/3, s. 11-24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gibb A (2001) Creating conducive environments for learning and entrepreneurship. Living with, dealing with, creating and enjoying uncertainty and complexity. The First Conference of the Entrepreneurship Forum Entrepreneurship and Learning. Naples June 21-24 2001Google Scholar
  11. Gibb A (2002) In pursuit of a new ‘enterprise’ and ‘entrepreneurship’ paradigm for learning. The International Journal of Management Reviews, Autumn 2002Google Scholar
  12. Griffiths RT (1999) Internet for Historians, History of the Internet. The development of the Internet, Last Updated: 3-9-1999
  13. Haahti AJ (1989) Entrepreneurs’ strategic orientation. Modelling Strategic Behaviour In Small Industrial Owner-managed firms. The Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Helsinki. Acta Academiae Oeconomicae Helsingiensis. Series A: 64Google Scholar
  14. Hakkarainen K (2002) Aikuisen oppiminen verkossa. In Sallila P, Kalli P (eds.) “Verkot ja teknologia aikuisopiskelun tukena” s. 16-52. Aikuiskasvatuksen 42. vuosikirja. Kansanvalistusseura ja Aikuiskasvatuksen TutkimusseuraGoogle Scholar
  15. Järvinen P (1997) Internet käyttäjäselvitys 1997. tutkimus/ kt97/johdanto.htm 13.12.1997
  16. Kiviniemi K (2002) Autonomian ja ohjauksen suhde verkko-opetuksessa. Aikuiskasvatuksen 42. vuosikirja. Kansanvalistusseura ja Aikuiskasvatuksen TutkimusseuraGoogle Scholar
  17. Kyrö P (2000) Entrepreneurship in the Postmodern Society. Wirtschafts PolitischeBlätter 2000/47 Jahrgang/(ed.) Wien: Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, 2000. pp. 37-45Google Scholar
  18. Kyrö P (2005). Introduction. In Fayolle A, Kyrö P and Uljin J. (eds.) Entrepreneurship Research in Europe: Perspectives and Outcomes. Cheltenham: Edward ElgarGoogle Scholar
  19. Leiner BM, Cerf VG, Clark D, Kahn RE, Kleinrock L, Lynch DC, Postel J, Roberts LG and Wolff S (1999) A Brief History of the Internet. internet/history/brief.html. 28.12.1999
  20. Linturi H (1998) Tietoa läskillä ja ilman. Murros ja oppimisympäristö. Aikuiskasvatus 1/98 s. 33-48Google Scholar
  21. Niemi H and Ruohotie P (eds) (2002) Theoretical Understandings for Learning in the Virtual University. Tampereen yliopistoGoogle Scholar
  22. Opetusministeriö (2000) Koulutuksen ja tutkimuksen tietostrategia 2000-2004Google Scholar
  23. Petrin T (1991) Entrepreneurship and its development in public enterprises. In Prokopenko J and Pavlin (eds.) Entrepreneurship Development in Public Enterprises, I. International Labour Office Geneva. Management Development Series No. 29 p. 15-20. International Centre for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries, LjubljanaGoogle Scholar
  24. Sallila P and Kalli P (eds) (2002) “Verkot ja teknologia aikuisopiskelun tukena” Aikuiskasvatuksen 42. vuosikirja. Kansanvalistusseura ja Aikuiskasvatuksen TutkimusseuraGoogle Scholar
  25. Suomen Gallup (1999), 24.12.1999
  26. Timmons J (1994) New Venture Creation. Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century. 4th edition. Illinois: IrwinGoogle Scholar
  27. Thompson D et al (eds) (1992) Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  28. UNDP (1999) Human Development Report. New York: Oxford Unversity PressGoogle Scholar
  29. Nonaka I, Toyama R and Konno N (2002) SECI, Ba and leadership: a unified model of dynamic knowledge creation. In Little S, Quintas P and Ray T, Managing knowledge, An Essential Reader (pp. 41-67). London: Sage PublicationsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Kyrö
    • 1
  • T. Kauppi
    • 1
  • M. Nurminen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TampereTampereFinland

Personalised recommendations