The Importance of Entrepreneurship for Democratic Development in Central and Eastern Europe

  • O. Pfirrmann

Analysis of the transformation processes in Central and Eastern Europe has been through various phases and evaluations. If, at the start of the 1990s, debate concerned the right transformation strategy – shock therapy, founded on macroeconomics, opposed to a political/economic gradualism connected to microeconomic measures – then this was followed by a rather programmatic vision, originating from the observation that neither of the two projects in absolute form could be successfully completed (Quaisser 1997; Heering et al. 1998).

A central element of the strategies for overcoming the transformation process in Central and Eastern Europe was the privatisation of previously State enterprises, i.e. the conversion of “Kombinat” (large-scale entities) into legally autonomous enterprises. An independent entrepreneurial system certainly already existed in Central and Eastern Europe in the nineteenth century and at the beginning of the twentieth century, but in any event was not in tune with the socialist economic programming. As a consequence this entrepreneurial system was systematically repressed for political/ideological reasons. With the end of the socialist ideology, it was sought to utilise the dynamic deriving from the incorporation of new enterprises for the economic reconstruction of Central and Eastern Europe.


European Union Transformation Process Political Institution Eastern European Country Socioeconomic Development 
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© Physica-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Pfirrmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Prognos AGBerlinGermany

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