Approaches to Railway Efficiency Improvement
This chapter will present the experiences the benchmark railways of the US, Germany, Russia, and Japan have made with improving their operational efficiency. The measures undertaken by these railways to cut costs and improve their performance, which are relevant to address the inefficiencies diagnosed at Chinese Railways in the previous chapter, will be presented below. For ease of application, the experiences of the benchmark railways will be structured analogous to the inefficiencies of Chinese Railways in chapter 7, i.e. holding, passenger, freight, and operations.
KeywordsHigh Speed Train Rolling Stock Railway Company Train Schedule Passenger Train
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- 45.Converted from Japanese Yen to German Marks with the average interbank exchange rate between 1 January 1985 and 31 December 1985, and then converted from German Marks to Euro (OANDA Corporation 2006a).Google Scholar