Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

The aim of the book is to investigate the labour market status of NESB migrant and Australian-born women. NESB women are often, considered to be a disadvantaged group in the sense of being under represented in “good” jobs and over represented in the unemployment pool. We estimated that the labour market participation rates of NESB and Australian-born women were 52.7 and 66.8%, respectively. Only 47.7% of NESB women had primary sector jobs compared with 61.1% of Australian-born women, and the unemployment rate for NESB women was 12.7%, compared with 7.6% for Australian-born women. We considered the role of education for both groups, and the effect of English skills and length of residence in Australia for NESB women.

We began this book with a view of the literature that is relevant to the labour market status of NESB women in Australia and overseas, based on both econometric and non-econometric approaches. A common theme in the econometric literature is that human capital variables including education, labour market experience and English skills have large effects on the participation, unemployment and occupational attainment of individuals. Non-econometric studies generally support the view that NESB women have not only lower labour market participation, but also occupy lower status positions, and suffer higher unemployment. Some studies also suggest that NESB women also face indirect discrimination in jobs and in employment opportunities. It is a common theme that this disadvantage is due to at least in part to NESB women having lesser human capital attributes.


Labour Market Human Capital Labour Supply Married Woman Labour Market Status 


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