Primary Sector Employment
In this chapter, we devise a scheme for categorising women into primary sector and secondary sector jobs, and conclude that amongst labour market participants, only 47.7% of NESB women had primary jobs, whereas 61.1% of Australian-born women had primary sector jobs. The models developed in this chapter investigate the extent to which this difference can be explained by a range of human capital and demographic variables.
We use probit models to examine factors that determine the probability that NESB and Australian-born women find employment in primary sector occupations. We assign occupations to the primary or secondary sector using the list of occupations provided in the 1996 Australian Census and a modified version of the ANU2 occupational prestige scale developed by Broom et al. (1977a). Our focus is on the possible disadvantage of NESB women vis-à-vis Australian-born women in acquiring “good jobs” for those migrants whose English skills are weak, and on the role of education in assisting women to gain primary sector employment.
We use a univariate probit model to estimate the probability that an individual will be employed in the primary sector.1
KeywordsLabour Market Occupational Status Migrant Woman Primary Sector Human Capital Theory
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.