Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


Not so long ago, telephones and computers had relatively little in common. Whereas phone call switching and dialing were based on analog signal transmission, computing technology had its roots in storing and processing digital data. Both technologies had their own inventors, their own set of firms in charge of advancing the development, their own industrial worlds, with their own competitive rules. Whereas the one world generated income on minutes, the other did equally so by bytes.


Innovation Management Dynamic Capability Convergence Process Technological Convergence Replication Logic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Cf. Bannister, Mather, and Coope (2004); Fusaro (2002); Parodi and Liggieri (2003); Sigurdson and Ericsson (2003); Theilen (2004)Google Scholar
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    Cf. Bower (2001); Gaines (1998); Henten (2004); Lang (2003); Ramos, Feijoo, Perez, Castejon, and Segura (2002); Wirtz (1999); Yoffie (1996) An illustrating example for this contradiction can be made by contrasting two quotations from Brusoni and Pavitt (2003) as well as Lang (2003): “Opportunities have also emerged for further vertical disintegration between product design and manufacture, based on further technological convergence (i.e., in convergence, based on technical change, in specific production operations across firms, products or industries).” (Brusoni and Pavitt, 2003, p. 4) “One of the most important dimensions of convergence is vertical integration, i.e., the merging of formerly independent firms along the value chain.” (Lang, 2003, p. 2)Google Scholar
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    These recommendations include the measurement of network based methods relying on inter-firm development activities, i.e., joint ventures, minority interests, licensing, as well as R&D diffusion, i.e., the mobility of scientific and technical personnel as interesting avenues for documenting convergence. Moreover, it is suggested to quantify the creation of consortia spanning communities of practice across industry sectors, as well as the citation of patents belonging to different classes. In this context, the analysis of pre-alliance technical networks is also proposed, referring to the concept of “cooperative technical organizations” as discussed by Rosenkopf, Metiu, and George (2001). Furthermore, also network and graph theory related dimensions brought into the context of convergence, including adjacency indices such as degree centrality, betweenness, density and clique membership (Andrews, 1995; Burt, 1992, 1997; Krackhardt, 1995; Salancik, 1995) are suggested to be examined over time (Pennings and Puranam, 2001).Google Scholar
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    Cf. Andersson and Molleryd (1997); Bannister et al. (2004); Bohlin (2000); Borés, Saurina, and Torres (2003); Duysters and Hagedoorn (1998); Edwards (1999); Fransman (2000); Friedman and Waldman (1992); Joseph (1993); Lee (2003); Nikolaou, Vaxevanakis, Maniatis, Venieris, and Zervos (2002); Rao (1999); Sabat (2002); Sherif (1998); Stieglitz (2002, 2003, 2004); Yoffie (1996)Google Scholar
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    In particular, the observation of tensions and paradoxes in prior research can be regarded as a starting point for the building of new theory, as uncovering contradictions may move inquiry into new directions (van de Ven and Poole, 1989).Google Scholar
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