Budgetary spillovers and short-term interest rates
In Chapter 1, it was discussed in detail that there are various spillovers in a highly integrated economic space like the Euro Area. It was explained in which ways these spillovers manifest themselves in the Euro Area e.g. through trade flows, pass-through of inflation, adjustments caused by changes of the common short-term interest rate and the exchange rate of the euro. It was also noted that there exist several spillover effects from monetary and fiscal policies in a highly integrated monetary union like the Euro Area. Monetary and fiscal policies in the Euro Area are intrinsically linked through these spillovers. In the short run, spillovers arise from the effects that monetary policy may have on the macroeconomic conditions under which fiscal policies are undertaken, and vice versa. In the long run, these spillovers/interdependencies arise in particular from the accumulation of government debt.
KeywordsInterest Rate Monetary Policy Fiscal Policy Euro Area Monetary Policy Shock
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