Advertisement

Ontogeny and Ontology in Complex Systems Modeling

  • Claes Andersson

Abstract

In this paper the ontogeny of complex systems models is discussed: the historical aspect of model ontology. The theoretical framework that is applied is complex systems theory and more specifically evolution and dynamical hierarchies. Some issues relating to the role and applicability of complex systems models are also discussed.

Keywords

Cellular Automaton Urban Growth Urban System Complex System Model Complex System Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alonso W (1964) Location and Land Use. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersson C, Frenken K, Hellervik A (2006). A complex networks approach to urban growth. Forthcoming in Environment and Planning A 38:11: 1941–1964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andersson C, Hellervik A, Lindgren K (2005). A spatial network explanation for a hierarchy of urban power laws. Physica A 345: 227Google Scholar
  4. Andersson C, Hellervik A, Lindgren K, Hagson A, Tornberg J (2003). The urban economy as a scale-free network. Physical Review E 68 (036124)Google Scholar
  5. Andersson CT, Rasmussen S, White (2002) Urban settlement transitions. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 29: 841–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arthur WB (1994) Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MIGoogle Scholar
  7. Barabási AL, Albert R (1999). Emergence of scaling in random networks. Science 286: 509–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Batty M, Longley P (1994) Fractal Cities: A Geometry of Form and Function. Academic Press, San Diego, CAGoogle Scholar
  9. Benenson I, Torrens P (2004). Geosimulation: automata-based modeling of urban phenomena. John Wiley and Sons, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  10. Christaller W (1933). Central Places in Southern Germany. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  11. Clarke KC, Hoppen S, Gaydos L (1997). A self-modifying cellular automaton model of historical urbanization in the san francisco bay area. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 24: 247–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Commons JR (1924) Legal Foundations of Capitalism. MacMillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Couclelis H (1985). Cellular worlds: a framework for modeling micro-macro dynamics. Environment and Planning A 17: 585–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fujita M, Krugman P, Venables T (1999) The Spatial Economy. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  15. Gabaix X (1999) Zipf’s law for cities: an explanation. Quarterly Journal of Economics 114: 739–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gould SJ (2002) The structure of evolutionary theory. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  17. Hardin G (1960) The competitive exclusion principle. Science 131: 1292–1297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Henderson JV (1974) The size and types of cities. American Economic Review 64: 640–656Google Scholar
  19. Hodgson GM (2001) How Economics Forgot History. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Hodgson GM (2002) Darwinism in economics: from analogy to ontology. Journal of Evolutionary Economics 12: 259–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hotelling H (1929) Stability in competition. Economic Journal, pp 41–57Google Scholar
  22. Isard W (1960) Methods of Regional Analysis. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  23. Knight FH (1921) Risk, Uncertainty and profit. (8th edition 1957) Edition Kelley and Millman, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Lane D (2002) Complexity and local interactions: Towards a theory of industrial districts. In: Quadrio AC, Fortis M (eds) Complexity and Industrial Clusters. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  25. Makse HA, de Andrade JS, Batty M, Havlin S, Stanley HE (1998) Modeling urban growth patterns with correlated percolation. Phys. Rev. E 58: 7054–7062.Google Scholar
  26. Makse HA, Havlin S, Stanley HE (1995) Modelling urban growth patterns. Nature 377: 608–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nelson RR, Winter SG (1982) An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  28. Nietzsche F (1887) On The Genealogy of Morals. Boni and Liveright, New York (1913 Translated by H. B Samuel)Google Scholar
  29. Sanders L, Pumain D, Mathian H (1997) Simpop: a multiagent system for the study of urbanism. Environment and Planning B 24: 287–305Google Scholar
  30. Saviotti PP (1996) Technological Evolution, Variety and the Economy. Edward Elgar Publishing, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  31. Schweitzer F, Steinbrink J (1998) Estimation of megacity growth. Applied Geography 18: 69–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Simon HA (1955) On a class of skew distribution functions. Biometrika 42: 425–440Google Scholar
  33. Simon HA (1969). The Sciences of the Artificial. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  34. Sutton J (2005) Gibrat’s legacy. Journal of Economic Literature 35: 40–59Google Scholar
  35. Tobler W (1979) Cellular geography. In: Gale S, Olsson G (eds) Philosophy in Geography. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, pp 379–386Google Scholar
  36. Torrens PM, O’Sullivan D (2001) Cellular automata and urban simulation: Where do we go from here?. Environment and Planning B 28: 163–168.Google Scholar
  37. Weber A (1997) Theory of the location of industry.Google Scholar
  38. White R, Engelen G (1993) Fractal urban land use patterns: A cellular automata approach. Environment and Planning A 25: 1175–1199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wilson A (1970) Entropy in Urban and Regional Modeling. Pion Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  40. Zipf G (1949) Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg and Accademia di Architettura, Mendrisio, Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claes Andersson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Resource TheoryChalmers University of TechnologyGötheborgSweden

Personalised recommendations