Economic Integration and Labour Markets: Ways Forward

  • Simonetta Longhi
  • Peter Nijkamp
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


Trade Cost Economic Integration Spatial Interaction Phillips Curve Labor Relation Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aiginger, K., Boeheim, M., Gugler, K., Pfaffermayr, M., Wolfmayr-Schnitzer, Y. (1999) Specialisation and (Geographic) Concentration of European Manufacturing, Enterprise DG Working Paper No 1, Background Paper for the The competitiveness of European industry: 1999 Report, Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  2. Akbari, A. H., Devoretz, D. J. (1992) The Substitutability of Foreign-Born Labour in Canadian-Production: Circa 1980, The Canadian Journal of Economics, 25 (3), 604-614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amiti, M. (1998) New Trade Theories and Industrial Location in the Eu: A Survey of Evidence, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 14 (2), 45-53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Amiti, M. (1999) Specialisation Patterns in Europe, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 134 (4), 573-593.Google Scholar
  5. Baldwin, J. R., Brown, W. M. (2004) Regional Manufacturing Employment Volatility in Canada: The Effects of Specialisation and Trade, Papers in Regional Science, 83 (3), 519-541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baltagi, B. H. and Blien, U. (1998) The German Wage Curve: Evidence from the Iab Employment Sample, Economics Letters, 61 135-142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Baltagi, B. H., Blien, U., Wolf, K. (2000) The East German Wage Curve 1993-1998, Economics Letters, 69 25-31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baltagi, B. H., Li, D. (2004) Prediction in Panel Data Model with Spatial Correlation, in Advances in Spatial Econometrics: Methodology, Tools and Application, ed. by L. Anselin, R. J. G. M. Florax and S. Rey. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer-Verlag, 283-295.Google Scholar
  9. Bauer, T. (1998) Do Immigrants Reduce Natives’ Wages? Evidence from Germany, Department of Economics Rutgers University Working, Paper No. 1998/02.Google Scholar
  10. Bean, F. D., Lowell, B. L., Taylor, L. J. (1988) Undocumented Mexican Immigrants and the Earnings of Other Workers in the U.S., Demography, 25 (1), 35-52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bell, B., Nickell, S., Quintini, G. (2002) Wage Equations, Wage Curves and All That, Labour Economics, 9 341-360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bellmann, L., Blien, U. (2001) Wage Curve Analyses of Establishment Data from Western Germany, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 54 851-863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bhaskar, V., To, T. (1999) Minimum Wages for Ronald Mcdonald Monopsonies: A Theory of Monopsonistic Competition, Economic Journal, 109 190-203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Blanchard, O. J., Katz, L. F. (1992) Regional Evolutions, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1 1-75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Blanchard, O. J., Katz, L. F. (1997) What We Know and Do Not Know About Natural Rate of Unemployment, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11 (1), 51-72.Google Scholar
  16. Blanchflower, D. G., Oswald, A. J. (1990) The Wage Curve, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 92 (2), 215-235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Blanchflower, D. G., Oswald, A. J. (1994a) Estimating a Wage Curve for Britain 1973-90, The Economic Journal, 104 1025-1043.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Blanchflower, D. G., Oswald, A. J. (1994b) The Wage Curve. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Blanchflower, D. G., Oswald, A. J. (1995) An Introduction to the Wage Curve, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9 (3), 153-167.Google Scholar
  20. Boomsma, P. (1999) Employment Forecasting in Fryslân in the Age of Economic Structural Changes, in Regional Development in an Age of Structural Economic Change, ed. by P. Rietveld and D. Shefer: Ashgate, 183-212.Google Scholar
  21. Borjas, G. J. (1987) Immigrants, Minorities, and Labor Market Competition, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 40 (3), 382-392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Borjas, G. J. (1994) The Economics of Immigration, Journal of Economic Literature, 32 (4), 1667-1717.Google Scholar
  23. Borjas, G. J. (1999) The Economic Analysis of Immigration, in Handbook of Labor Economics, ed. by O. Ashenfelter and D. Card: North Holland, 1697-1760.Google Scholar
  24. Borjas, G. J. (2001) Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of Labor Market?, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1:2001 69-133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Borjas, G. J. (2003) The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118 (4), 1335-1374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Borjas, G. J., Freeman, R. B., Katz, L. F. (1996) Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market, The American Economic Review, 86 (2), 246-251.Google Scholar
  27. Bratsberg, B., Turunen, J. (1996) Wage Curve Evidence from Panel Data, Economics Letters, 51 345-353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Brülhart, M. (1998) Economic Geography, Industry Location and Trade: The Evidence, The World Economy, 21 (6), 775-801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Brülhart, M. (2001) Growing Alike or Growing Apart? Industrial Specialisation of Eu Countries, in The Impact of Emu on Europe and the Developing Countries, ed. by C. Wyplosz. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 169-194.Google Scholar
  30. Buettner, T. (1999) The Effect of Unemployment, Aggregate Wages, and Spatial Contiguity on Local Wages: An Investigation with German District Level Data, Papers in Regional Science, 78 (1), 47-67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Burgess, S., Profit, S. (2001) Externalities in the Matching of Workers and Firms in Britain, Labour Economics, 8 313-333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Campbell, C., Orszag, J. M. (1998) A Model of the Wage Curve, Economics Letters, 59 119-125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Card, D. (1990) The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43 (2), 245-257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Card, D. (1995) The Wage Curve: A Review, Journal of Economic Literature, 33 (2), 785-799.Google Scholar
  35. Card, D. (2001) Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Market Impacts of Higher Immigration, Journal of Labor Economics, 19 (1), 22-64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Carrington, W. J., de Lima, P. J. F. (1996) The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portuguese Labor Market, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 49 (2), 330-347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Chiarini, B., Piselli, P. (1997) Wage Settings, Wage Curve and Phillips Curve: The Italian Evidence, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 44 (5), 545-565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Decressin, J., Fatás, A. (1995) Regional Labour Market Dynamics in Europe, European Economic Review, 39 1627-1655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Diebold, F. X. (1998) The Past, Present, and Future of Macroeconomic Forecasting, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 12 (2), 175-192.Google Scholar
  40. Doi, M., Hiyoshi, T., Poot, J. (2003) National and Regional Wage Curves in Japan, 1981-2001, Paper presented to the 50th North American Regional Science Conference, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  41. Don, F. J. H. (2004) How Econometric Models Help Policy Makers: Theory and Practice, De Economist, 152 (2), 177-195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Eichengreen, B. (1993) Labour Markets and the European Monetary Unification, in Policy Issues in the Operation of Currency Unions, ed. by P.R. Masson and M. P. Taylor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Eitrheim, O., Husebo, T. A., Nymoen, R. (1999) Equilibrium-Correction Vs. Differencing in Macroeconometric Forecasting, Economic Modelling, 16 (4), 515-544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Elhorst, J. P., Blien, U., Wolf, K. (2002) A Spatial Panel Approach to the East German Wage Curve, Paper presented at the 42nd Congress of the European Regional Science Association (ERSA) Dortmund, Germany.Google Scholar
  45. Fauvel, Y., Paquet, A., Zimmerman, C. (1999) Short-Term Forecasting of National and Provincial Employment in Canada, Applied Research Branch - Strategic Policy - Human Resources Development Canada, Working Paper R-99-6E.Google Scholar
  46. Friedberg, R. M. (2001) The Impact of Mass Migration on the Israeli Labor Market, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116 (4), 1373-1408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Friedberg, R. M., Hunt, J. (1995) The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9 (2), 23-44.Google Scholar
  48. Gorter, C., Nijkamp, P., Poot, J. (1999) (Eds.) Crossing Borders: Regional and Urban Perspectives on International Migration. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  49. Greenway, D. and Hine, R. C. (1991) Intra-Industry Specialisation, Trade Expansion and Adjustment in the European Economic Space, Journal of Common Market Studies, 29 (6), 603-622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Greenwood, M. J., Hunt, G. L., Kohli, U. (1997) The Factor-Market Consequences of Unskilled Immigration to the United States, Labour Economics, 4 (1), 1-28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Groot, W., Mekkelholt, E., Oosterbeek, H. (1992) Further Evidence on the Wage Curve, Economics Letters, 38 355-359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Grossman, J. B. (1982) The Substitutability of Natives and Immigrants in Production, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 64 (4), 596-603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Hallet, M. (1998) The Regional Impact of the Single Currency, Paper presented at the 38th Congress of the European Regional Science Association, Vienna.Google Scholar
  54. Hallet, M. (2001) Real Convergence and Catching-up in the Eu, paper presented to the workshop Structural Funds and Convergence, The Hague.Google Scholar
  55. Hanson, G. H. (1996) Economic Integration, Intra-Industry Trade, and Frontier Regions, European Economic Review, 40 941-949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hanson, G. H. (1997a) Increasing Returns, Trade, and the Regional Structure of Wages, Economic Journal, 107 113-133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Hanson, G. H. (1997b) Localization Economies, Vertical Organization, and Trade, American Economic Review, 87 1266-1278.Google Scholar
  58. Hanson, G. H. (1998) Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration, NBER Working Paper No. 6429.Google Scholar
  59. Hatch, N. (2003) Modeling and Forecasting at the Bank of England, in Understanding Economic Forecasts, ed. by D. F. Hendry and N. R. Ericsson. Cambridge (Mass): The MIT Press, 124-148.Google Scholar
  60. Heckscher, E. (1949) The Effect of Foreign Trade on Distribution of Income, Economisk Tidskrift, 497-512, Reprinted, in Readings in the Theory of International Trade, ed. by H. S. Ellis and L. A. Metzler. Philadelphia: Blakiston, 272-300.Google Scholar
  61. Helpman, E., Krugman, P. (1985) Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy. Brighton: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  62. Hendry, D. F., Clements, M. P. (2003) Economic Forecasting: Some Lessons from Recent Research, Economic Modelling, 20 (2), 301-329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hendry, D. F., Ericsson, N. R. (2003) (Eds.) Understanding Economic Forecasts. Cambridge (Mass): The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  64. Hine, R. C. (1990) Economic Integration and Inter-Industry Specialisation, University of Nottingham, CREDIT Research Paper 89/6.Google Scholar
  65. Hunt, J. (1992) The Impact of the 1962 Repatriates from Algeria on the French Labor Market, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45 (3), 556-572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Ikkaracan, I., Selim, R. (2003) The Role of Unemployment in Wage Determination: Further Evidence on the Wage Curve from Turkey, Applied Economics, 35 1589-1598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Jaeger, D. A. (1996) Skill Differences and the Effect of Immigrants on the Wages of Natives, US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Mimeo.Google Scholar
  68. Janssens, S., Konings, J. (1998) One More Wage Curve: The Case of Belgium, Economics Letters, 60 223-227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Johansen, K. (2002) Regional Wage Curves Empirical Evidence from Norway, Dept. of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Working Paper No. 3/2002.Google Scholar
  70. Kennedy, S. and Borland, J. (2000) A Wage Curve for Australia?, Oxford Economic Papers, 52 774-803.Google Scholar
  71. King, A. G., Lowell, B. L., Bean, F. D. (1986) The Effects of Hispanic Immigrants on the Earnings of Native Hispanic Americans, Social Science Quarterly, 67 (4), 673-689.Google Scholar
  72. Krugman, P. (1979) Increasing Returns, Monopolistic Competition and International Trade, Journal of International Economics, 9 469-479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Krugman, P. (1980) Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade, American Economic Review, 70 950-959.Google Scholar
  74. Krugman, P. (1981) Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade, Journal of Political Economy, 89 959-973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Krugman, P. (1991a) Geography and Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  76. Krugman, P. (1991b) Increasing Returns and Economic Geography, Journal of Political Economy, 99 (3), 483-499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Krugman, P. and Venables, A. (1990) Integration and the Competitiveness of Peripheral Industry, in Unity with Diversity in the European Community, ed. by C. Bliss and J. Braga de Macedo. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  78. Krugman, P. and Venables, A. (1995) Globalisation and the Inequality of Nations, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110 (4), 857-880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Landesmann, M. (1995) The Patterns of East-West European Integration: Catching up or Falling Behind?, in Transforming Economies and European Integration, ed. by R. Dobrinsky and M. Landesmann. Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 116-140.Google Scholar
  80. Leamer, E. E. and Levinsohn, J. (1995) International Trade Theory: The Evidence, in Handbook of International Economics, ed. by G. M. Grossman and K. Rogoff: Amsterdam, Elsevier-North Holland.Google Scholar
  81. Longhi, S., Nijkamp, P. and Poot, J. (2004) A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Effect of Immigration on Wages, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper TI 2004-134/3; Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper No. 47.Google Scholar
  82. Midelfart-Knarvik, K. H., Overman, H. G. and Venables, A. J. (2000) The Location of European Industry, Economic Papers No. 142 - Report prepared for the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs, European Commission.Google Scholar
  83. Mincer, J. (1974) Schooling, Experience and Earnings. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  84. Molho, I. (1992) Local Pay Determination, Journal of Economic Surveys, 6 155-194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Montuenga, V., Garcia, I., Fernandex, M. (2003) Wage Flexibility: Evidence from Five Eu Countries Based on the Wage Curve, Economics Letters, 78 169-174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Morrison, P. S., Papps, K. L. and Poot, J. (2005) Wages, Employment, Labour Turnover, and the Accessibility of Local Labour Markets, Labour Economics, In press.Google Scholar
  87. Nijkamp, P., Poot, J. (2005) The Last Word on the Wage Curve?, Journal of Economic Surveys, Forthcoming.Google Scholar
  88. Nijkamp, P., Resmini, L. and Traistaru, I. (2003) European Integration, Regional Specialization and Location of Industrial Activity: A Survey of Theoretical and Empirical Literature, in The Emerging Economic Geography in Eu Accession Countries, ed. by I. Traistaru, P. Nijkamp and L.Resmini. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 28-45.Google Scholar
  89. Obstfeld, M., Peri, G. (1998) Asymmetric Shocks: Regional Non-Adjustment and Fiscal Policy, Economic Policy, 28 206-259.Google Scholar
  90. OECD (2000) Disparities in Regional Labour Markets, in Employment Outlook: OECD, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.Google Scholar
  91. Ohlin, B. (1933) Interregional and International Trade. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  92. Overman, H. G., Puga, D. (2002) Regional Unemployment Clusters, Economic Policy 115-144.Google Scholar
  93. Pannenberg, M., Schwarze, J. (1998a) Labor Market Slack and the Wage Curve, Economics Letters, 58 351-354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Pannenberg, M., Schwarze, J. (1998b) Phillips Curve or Wage Curve: Is There Really a Puzzle? Evidence for West Germany, Otto-Friedrich Universitat, Bamberg, Volkswirtschaftsliche Diskussionsbeitrage No. 83.Google Scholar
  95. Papps, K. L. (2001) Investigating a Wage Curve for New Zealand, New Zealand Economic Papers, 35 218-239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Partridge, M. D., Rickman, D. S. (1997) Has the Wage Curve Nullified the Harris-Todaro Model? Further Us Evidence, Economics Letters, 54 277-282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Partridge, M. D., Rickman, D. S. (1998) Generalizing the Bayesian Vector Autoregression Approach for Regional Interindustry Employment Forecasting, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 16 (1), 62-72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Petrakos, G. (1996) The Regional Dimension of Transition in Eastern and Central European Countries: An Assessment, Eastern European Economics, 34 (5), 5-38.Google Scholar
  99. Petrakos, G. (2000) The Spatial Impact of East-West Integration, in Integration and Transition in Europe: The Economic Geography of Interaction, ed. by G. Petrakos, G. Maier and G. Gorzelak. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  100. Phelps, E. (1984) Structural Slumps: The Modern Equilibrium Theory of Unemployment, Interest and Assets. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  101. Phillips, A. W. (1958) The Relation between Unemployment and the Rate of Change of Money Wage Rates in the United Kingdom, 1861-1957, Economica, 25 (100), 283-299.Google Scholar
  102. Puga, D. (2002) European Regional Policies in Light of Recent Location Theories, Journal of Economic Geography, 2 373-406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Raagmaa, G. (1996) Shifts in Regional Development in Estonia During the Transition, European Planning Studies, 4 (6), 683-703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Resmini, L. (2002) Specialization and Growth Prospects in Border Regions of Accession Countries, Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn, ZEI Working Paper B02-17.Google Scholar
  105. Ricardo, D. (1817) On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. London.Google Scholar
  106. Rickman, D. S. (2002) A Bayesian Forecasting Approach to Constructing Regional Input-Output Based Employment Multipliers, Papers in Regional Science, 81 (4), 483-498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Salop, S. (1979) A Model of the Natural Rate of Unemployment, American Economic Review, 69 117-125.Google Scholar
  108. Sanroma’, E., Raul, R. (2004) Further Evidence on Disaggregated Wage Curves: The Case of Spain, Universitat de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  109. Sapir, A. (1996) The Effects of Europe’s Internal Market Programme on Production and Trade: A First Assessment, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 132 (3), 457-475.Google Scholar
  110. Sims, C. A. (1980) Macroeconomics and Reality, Econometrica, 48 (1), 1-48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Stock, J. H. and Watson, M. W. (2002) Macroeconomic Forecasting Using Diffusion Indexes, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 20 (2), 147-162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Topel, R. H. (1986) Local Labor Markets, The Journal of Political Economy, 94 (3 Part 2), S111-S143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Turner, P. (2003) Economic Modeling for Fun and Profit, in Understanding Economic Forecasts, ed. by D. F. Hendry and N. R. Ericsson. Cambridge (Mass): The MIT Press, 42-53.Google Scholar
  114. Venables, A. (1996) Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries, International Economic Review, 37 341-359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Venables, A. J. (1998) The Assessment: Trade and Location, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 14 (2), 1-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Wagner, J. (1994) German Wage Curves, 1979-1990, Economics Letters, 44 307-311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Winter-Ebmer, R. (1996) Wage Curve, Unemployment Duration and Compensating Differentials, Labour Economics, 3 425-434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Winter-Ebmer, R., Zweimuller, J. (1996) Immigration and the Earnings of Young Native Workers, Oxford Economic Papers, 48 (3), 473-491.Google Scholar
  119. Zimmermann, K. F., Bauer, T. K. (2002) The Economics of Migration. 4 Volumes. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Mass: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simonetta Longhi
    • 1
  • Peter Nijkamp
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Spatial EconomicsFree UniversityThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations