Words about Uncertainty: Analogies and Contexts

  • Michael J. Smithson
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 33)


The study of uncertainty in many fields has been beset by debate and even confusion over the meaning(s) of uncertainty and the words that are used to describe it. Normative debates address questions such as whether there is more than one kind of uncertainty and how verbal descriptions of uncertainty ought to be used. Descriptive research, which we shall deal with in this paper, concerns how people actually use words to describe uncertainty and the distinct meanings they apply to those words. The main reason for what might seem an obvious statement is to clarify the somewhat odd context in which most studies of decision making take place.


Context Effect Organizational Behavior Subjective Probability Prospect Theory Framing Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. Smithson
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of PsychologyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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