Using Agents to Build a Practical Implementation of the INCA (Intelligent Community Alarm) System

  • M. Beer
  • W. Huang
  • A. Sixsmith
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 98)


This architecture is intended to integrate a number of autonomous systems; home monitoring, community alarms, care management systems and emergency systems command and control systems using agent technology to build effective coordinated care systems. A range of different autonomous bodies provides such care, many of which have their own management information systems already in place. Since these systems do not only contain information relevant to community care, but also all the other activities of the agent, that it would be unwilling to make available to other parties, the actual management of community care has remained primarily outside the role of current systems.


Informal Carer Care Coordinator Community Care Domain Ontology Alarm System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bauer, B., Muller, J.P., and Odell, J. (2000), “Agent UML: a formalism for specifying multiagent software systems,” in Ciancarini, P. and Wooldridge, M.J., Agent-Oriented Software Engineering, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1957, Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Bouma, H. and Graafmans, J. (1992), Gerontechnology, Amsterdam. IOS Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beer, M.D., Bench-Capon, T.M., and Sixsmith, A., (1999a), “Dialogue management in a virtual college”, Proceedings of Dexa ‘89, Florence, Italy, August, (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1677), Springer-Verlag, pp. 521–530.Google Scholar
  4. Beer, M.D., Bench-Capon, T., and Sixsmith, A. (1999b), “The delivery of effective integrated community care with the aid of agents”, Proceedings of ICSC ‘89, Hong Kong, December, (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1749), Springer-Verlag, pp. 303–398.Google Scholar
  5. Bench-Capon, T.J.M. (1998), “Specification of communication between information sources”, Proceedings of DEXA98, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  6. Celler, B.G.,Earnshaw, E.W., Ilsar, E.D., Betbeder-Matibet, L., Harris, M.F., Clark, E.D., Hesketh, T., and Lovell, N.H. (1995), “Remote monitoring of health status of the elderly at home: a multidisciplinary project on ageing at the University of NSW,” Int. Journal of Biomedical Computing, vol. 40, pp. 147–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ciancarini, P. and Wooldridge, M.J. (2000), “Agent-oriented software engineering”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1957, Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  8. Finnin, T., Labrou, Y., and Mayfield, J. (1997), KQML as an Agent Communication Language, MIT Press, Cambridge MA.Google Scholar
  9. FIPA (1997), “F1PA 97 Specification,” Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents, available from
  10. Fisk, M. (1989), Alarm Systems and Elderly People, Planning Exchange, London.Google Scholar
  11. Gray, P.M.D., Preece, A., Fiddian, N.J., Gray, W.A., Bench-Capon, T.J.M., Shave, M.J.R., Azarmi, N., Wiegand, M., Ashwell, M., Beer, M.D., Cui, Z., Diaz, B., Embury, S.M., Hui, K., Jones, A.C., Jones, D.M., Kemp, G.J.L., Lawson, E.W., Lunn, K., Marti, P., Shao, J., and Visser, P.R.S., (1997), “KRAFT: knowledge fusion from distributed databases and knowledge bases,” Database and Expert System Applications (DEXA’97), Toulouse, France.Google Scholar
  12. Huang, J., Jennings, J.R., and Fox, J. (1995), “An agent-based approach for distributed care management,” Applied Artificial Intelligence: an International Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 401–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jones, D.M., Bench-Capon, T.J.M., Visser, P.R.S., Diaz, B., Beer, M.D., and Shave, M.J.R. (1999), “Resolving ontological heterogeneity in the KRAFT project”, Proceedings of Dexa ‘89, Florence, Italy, August (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1677), Springer-Verlag, pp. 668–677.Google Scholar
  14. Jonker, C.M., Lam, R.A., and Treur, J. (1999), “A multi-agent architecture for an intelligent website for insurance”, Proceedings of Cooperative Agents III, (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1652), Springer, pp. 86–100.Google Scholar
  15. Kendall, E.A., Malkoun, M.T., and Jiang, C.H. (1997), “The application of object-oriented analysis to agent based systems,” The Report on Object Oriented Analysis and Design in conjunction with The Journal of Object Oriented Programming, February.Google Scholar
  16. Labrou, Y. (1996), “Semantics for an Agent Communication Language,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Maryland, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  17. Nwana, H., Ndumu, D., Lee, L., and Collis, J., (1999) “ZEUS: a tool-kit for building distributed multi-agent systems,” Applied Artificial Intelligence Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 129–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Preece A.D., Hui, K.-Y., Gray, W.A., Marti, P., Bench-Capon, T.J.M., Jones, D.M., and Cu, Z., (1999) “The KRAFT architecture for knowledge fusion and transformation,” 19th SGES International Conference on Knowledge-Based Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence (ES’99), Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  19. Sahuguet, A. and Azavant, F. (1998), “W4F: the WYSIWYG Web wrapper factory,” Technical report, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Computer and Information Science, http://cheops. cis.upenn. edu/sahuguet/WAPI/.Google Scholar
  20. Searle, J.R (1969), Speech Acts: an Essay in the Philosophy of Language,Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Shave, M.J.R. (1997). “Ontological structures for knowledge sharing,” New Review of Information Networking, vol. 3, pp. 125–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shin, A.P.J. (1998), “INAS — Intelligent Alarm System for the Elderly,” Honours Project Dissertation, University of Liverpool.Google Scholar
  23. Sixsmith, A. (1994), “New technology and community care,” Health and Social Care, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 367–370.Google Scholar
  24. Sixsmith, A.J. (1998), “Telecare at home,” in Walker, A. (ed.), European Home and Community Care 1998/99, Campden, London.Google Scholar
  25. Wiederhold, G. (1992), “Mediators in the architecture of future computing systems,” IEEE Computer, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 38–49, March.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wiederhold, G. and Genesereth, M. (1995), “The basis for mediation,” in Laufmann, S., Spacciapieta, S., and Yokoi, T. (eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Cooperative Information Systems (CoopIS-95), Vienna, Austria, May.Google Scholar
  27. Wooldridge, M.J. and Jennings, N.R. (1995), “Intelligent agents: theory and practice,” The Knowledge Engineering Review, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 115–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Beer
  • W. Huang
  • A. Sixsmith

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations