By rough programming we mean the optimization theory in rough environments. This chapter will introduce rough expected value model (EVM), rough chance-constrained programming (CCP) and rough dependent-chance programming (DCP). Since an interval number can be regarded as a special rough variable, we also obtain a spectrum of interval programming as a byproduct.
KeywordsHide Neuron Uncertain Environment Multiobjective Programming Trained Neural Network Expect Value Model
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