Foundations of Electronic Data Interchange

  • Hanna Niedwiedziska
  • Marian Niedwiedzinski
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 105)


This chapter addresses sources of electronic commerce, which are mainly connected with electronic data interchange (EDI). To have a clear picture how electronic commerce works, it is necessary to call to mind some basic information about EDI: its components, its fundamental benefits and standards.


Smart Card Data Element Electronic Commerce Electronic Data Interchange Paper Document 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanna Niedwiedziska
    • 1
  • Marian Niedwiedzinski
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Computer ScienceTechnical University of LodzLodzPoland
  2. 2.Department of Systems Analysis and DesignUniversity of LodzLodzPoland

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