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Worldwide trends in alcohol and drug impaired driving

  • Barry M. Sweedler
  • Kathryn Stewart

Abstract

This chapter summarizes recent trends in a number of industrialized countries around the world and discusses the reasons for the changes that have occurred. It also reviews current programs designed to produce further reductions in impaired driving. In the decade of the 1980s, there were impressive declines in drinking and driving in much of the industrialized world. The declines included about 50 % in Great Britain, 28 % in Canada and The Netherlands, 32 % in Australia, 37 % in Germany and 26 % in the U.S. These declines did not continue in the early part of the 1990s. In some countries, there were actually increases. Toward the middle and latter part of the decade the increases stabilized and we again began to see some decreases. However, these decreases have been at a slower rate than the dramatic decreases in the 1980s. Toward the end of the 1990s and in the new century, the record has been mixed. Clear trends have emerged. Some countries (France and Germany) continued to reduce drinking and driving while in other countries (Australia, Canada, The Netherlands, Great Britain and the United States), there has been stagnation and in some cases small increases or even a large increase in the proportion of alcohol related fatalities, as was the case in Sweden. Trends on drug impaired driving are also beginning to emerge in some countries. These trends will also be discussed.

Keywords

Worldwide Trend Impaired Driving Road Crash Alcohol Impaired Driving Road Accident Fatality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry M. Sweedler
    • 1
  • Kathryn Stewart
    • 1
  1. 1.Safety and Policy Analysis InternationalL.L.C.LafayetteUSA

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