Stueckelberg 1937–1942: The B-Field and Antiparticles as Time-Reversed Particles

  • Henri Ruegg
  • Marti Ruiz-Altaba


We review some of the scientific work done by E. C. G. Stueckelberg just before and just after the outbreak of World War II. In 1938, he introduced what is now known as the Stueckelberg mechanism for giving mass to a gauge field while preserving gauge invariance. In 1941, Stueckelberg introduced the concept of antiparticles as time-reversed particles.


Massive Vector Hamiltonian Density Nonabelian Gauge Theory Lorentz Condition Polyakov Action 
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© Birkhäuser Verlag AG 2009

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  • Henri Ruegg
  • Marti Ruiz-Altaba

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