Human settlements have always implied a drawback for the natural state of the environment. But in the course of replacing forests, meadows, marshes by buildings, streets, marketplaces, men also developed a strong desire to incorporate natural elements into urban design: The early Egyptians, e.g., planted trees in regular symmetrical rows along their temple avenues and in their gardens; the Assyrians created geometrically designed parks within the boundaries of their cities in 700 BC; the Arabs developed exquisite gardens in Andalusia and Sicily that were maintained, copied and modified by those who overthrew them.
KeywordsUrban Landscape Urban Design Juglans Regia Cupressus Lusitanica Tamarix Gallica
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