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Differential effects of sodium salts on the germination of a native halophytic species from South America: Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth

  • Virginia M. Luna
  • Analía S. Llanes
  • Laura R. Sosa
  • Mariana A. Reginato
  • Herminda E. Reinoso
Conference paper

Abstract

Prosopis strombulifera is a halophytic shrub frequently found in the salinized areas of central Argentina. Interactions between temperature, ionic and osmotic components of salinity, and seed germination in this species are discussed in this chapter. Besides the osmotic effect, specific ion effects of salts play an important role in seed germination causing toxicity to the embryo. In saline soils where P. strombulifera is frequent, NaCl and Na2SO4 proportions are similar. Germination experiments with both salts, their iso-osmotic anionic and cationic mixtures and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were performed at 30°C and 35°C; the germination percentages registered with PEG were lower than those obtained with iso-osmotic Na-based monosaline solutions at osmotic potential (Ψo) of -1.2 MPa and lower, but greater than those in the salt mixtures, indicating that seeds were mainly affected by an osmotic effect rather than by ionic toxicity at 35°C. The salt mixture accentuated ion toxicity showing that germination is inhibited by a combination of osmotic and ionic effects, the latter having greater influence at very high salt concentrations. The excess of Cl- or SO4 2- anions in both cationic mixtures produced equal magnitude of toxicity on the seeds. Although a deleterious effect of potassium was also observed, the anionic effects were evidently much more marked. From Ψo of -1.2 MPa and lower, germination inhibition increased when salt concentration increased as the ionic effects were additive to osmotic effects. The germination percentages obtained with monosaline solutions at 35°C were superior to those obtained at 30°C, indicating that temperature played an important role in the germination response of this species by diminishing the osmotic effect of salt only in the case of monosaline solutions; however, the toxic effect of ions was accentuated when they were combined. Nevertheless, a partial reversion of sulfate toxicity was observed when seeds were placed in anionic salt mixtures at 30°C, demonstrating the differential effects of temperature on the osmotic and ionic components of salinity.

Keywords

Seed Germination Salt Tolerance Osmotic Potential Osmotic Effect Germination Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia M. Luna
    • 1
  • Analía S. Llanes
    • 1
  • Laura R. Sosa
    • 2
  • Mariana A. Reginato
    • 1
  • Herminda E. Reinoso
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Fisiología Vegetal, Departamento de Ciencias NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de Río CuartoRío CuartoArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Fisiología Vegetal, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional de San LuisSan LuisArgentina

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