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Potentiality of salt marshes in Mediterranean coastal zone of Egypt

  • Hassan M. El-Shaer
  • Mohamed H. El-Morsy

Abstract

The Northern Coastal region of Egypt extends around 1000 km long and 30 km inland. Its major characteristics as an arid Mediterranean climate are limited rainfall that varies between 80 and 250 mm/year where a relative insignificant rain-fed agriculture is practiced. Rangelands and livestock production are the main common natural elements in the region. Socio-economic characteristics are based on tribal systems of nomads and agro-pastoralists. The local economy depends on livestock sales and trade of agricultural products. Salt marshes plant species are dominant and grow naturally and intensively in the saline environments. Such plant species could have great potentialities for many human and animal usages. The production and nutritive values of these plants are affected by different human and environmental factors that cause severe deterioration. Many salt marsh plants communities are of great interest to grazers in the Mediterranean coastal zones of Egypt because of their prolonged production period, as they constitute good grazing in the dry season in summer and autumn, particularly for sheep, goats, camels and wildlife. However, the real potentialities of such salt march plants have not been fully exploited and evaluated for different purposes. The aim of this study is to survey, briefly, the salt marshes species, its habitats, potentialities and the ecological factors affecting their distribution in different areas of the Mediterranean coastal zones of Egypt.

Keywords

Salt Marsh Phragmites Australis Coastal Sand Dune Salt Marsh Plant Community Halocnemum Strobilaceum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan M. El-Shaer
    • 1
  • Mohamed H. El-Morsy
    • 1
  1. 1.Desert Research CenterMataria, CairoEgypt

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