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Survival at extreme locations: Life strategies of halophytes - The long way from system ecology, whole plant physiology, cell biochemistry and molecular aspects back to sustainable utilization at field sites

  • Hans-Werner Koyro
  • Nicole Geißler
  • Sayed Hussin
  • Bernhard Huchzermeyer

Abstract

High concentrations of sodium are toxic to most plant species. Drought and soil salinity are the major abiotic stresses in plant productivity worldwide. Many glycophytic crop species are negatively affected. Physiological and biochemical research - with an accelerating emphasis on molecular biological studies - has shown that salt tolerance in halophytes depends on a range of adaptations. The multifactorial response embraces many aspects such as gas exchange, water relations (osmotic adaptation), selective transport and uptake of ions, ion compartmentalization (homeostasis), osmolyte production, enzyme activities, ion excretion and genetic control. The ability of plant cells to maintain low cytosolic sodium concentrations is an essential process for the ability of plants to grow in salty habitats and depends on several plant-specific interactions. Unfortunately, there are few investigations that combine studies of growth with the individual partially intracellular plant characteristics. Such joint investigations are the basis for the discovery of traits that present the ability to produce cash crops in saline environments. One possible solution could be rapid advances in the genetic transfer of halophyte salt tolerance traits to crop plants. Another is the breeding of cash crop halophytes.

Keywords

Salt Stress Salt Tolerance Extreme Location Salt Gland Life Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© BirkhäuserVerlag/Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Werner Koyro
    • 1
  • Nicole Geißler
    • 1
  • Sayed Hussin
    • 1
  • Bernhard Huchzermeyer
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PlantEcologyJust us Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany
  2. 2.Institute for BotanyLeibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany

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