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Historical milestones and discoveries that shaped the toxicology sciences

  • Antoinette N. Hayes
  • Steven G. Gilbert
Part of the Experientia Supplementum book series (EXS, volume 99)

Abstract

Knowledge of the toxic and healing properties of plants, animals, and minerals has shaped civilization for millennia. The foundations of modern toxicology are built upon the significant milestones and discoveries of serendipity and crude experimentation. Throughout the ages, toxicological science has provided information that has shaped and guided society. This chapter examines the development of the discipline of toxicology and its influence on civilization by highlighting significant milestones and discoveries related to toxicology. The examples shed light on the beginnings of toxicology, as well as examine lessons learned and re-learned. This chapter also examines how toxicology and the toxicologist have interacted with other scientific and cultural disciplines, including religion, politics, and the government. Toxicology has evolved to a true scientific discipline with its own dedicated scientists, educational institutes, sub-disciplines, professional societies, and journals. It now stands as its own entity while traversing such fields as chemistry, physiology, pharmacology, and molecular biology. We invite you to join us on a path of discovery and to offer our suggestions as to what are the most significant milestones and discoveries in toxicology. Additional information is available on the history section of Toxipedia (www.toxipedia.org).

Keywords

Italian Chemist Poison Control Center Tienilic Acid Significant Milestone Amanita Phalloides 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoinette N. Hayes
    • 1
  • Steven G. Gilbert
    • 2
  1. 1.Wyeth ResearchAndoverUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Neurotoxicology & Neurological DisordersSeattleUSA

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