Early childhood caries and childhood periodontal diseases

  • Shigenobu Kimura
  • Yuko Ohara-Nemoto
Part of the Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases book series (BAID)


Dental caries and periodontal diseases are one of the most prevalent diseases affecting adults and children in industrialized countries. The major causative factor in both diseases is the microbial biofilm (dental plaque) formed on teeth and oral epithelial surfaces, and early childhood caries and periodontal diseases are both plaque-induced infectious diseases caused by endogenous bacteria. However, it is also evident that the colonization of the putative pathogenic bacteria in plaque is not sufficient for the initiation and onset of these plaque diseases. In dental caries, it is apparent that the association of dietary fermentable carbohydrates, especially sucrose, is implicated in the etiology. Moreover, recent studies also acknowledge the significant role of the local environmental conditions in plaques. In periodontal diseases, the host response plays a major role in the outcome of the diseases. The present review addresses the pathogenic bacteria and microflora and the etiology of early childhood caries and childhood periodontal diseases.


Periodontal Disease Infective Endocarditis Dental Caries Dental Plaque Mutans Streptococcus 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel/Switzerland 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigenobu Kimura
    • 1
  • Yuko Ohara-Nemoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral MicrobiologyIwate Medical University School of DentistryMoriokaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Oral Molecular BiologyNagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical SciencesNagasakiJapan

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