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Shoreline bioremediation after the 1991 Gulf War oil spill

  • Thomas Höpner
  • Khalid Ali Al-Shaikh

Abstract

In June 1991, after the Gulf War oil spill of February/March 1991, a long-term study was initiated to observe the shoreline remediation. This chapter summarizes the development of 22 locations within the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary (Saudi Arabia) until 2007. At that time only six stations displayed complete remediation. At two stations the condition was as desperate as in 1991, the other ones had reached an intermediate state of a remediation. Some stations run for a limited time through a cyanobacteria-dominated intermediate state, and in one case a return from a cyanobacteria- to a crab-dominated one started only between 2001 and 2007. Regarding the whole study area, even after fifteen years the remediation was by no means complete.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia National Commission Wildlife Conservation High Spring Tide Halocnemum Strobilaceum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag/Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Höpner
    • 1
  • Khalid Ali Al-Shaikh
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM)Carl von Ossietzky Universität OldenburgGermany
  2. 2.National Commission for Wildlife, Conservation and Development (NCWCD)Jubail Marine Wildlife SanctuaryRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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